Without Russia’s help, scientists worry about how they will continue their important task of documenting warming in the Arctic.
Europe’s aerospace industry is struggling with how its Mars rover, which is designed to survive dry nights on the Red Planet, can without its Russian heating system.
And what will the world do in the search for carbon-free energy if the 35 countries that are assembling an experimental fusion-power reactor in France cannot send critical resources from Russia?
In scientific terms with deep insights into the future and human experience, Russian President Vladimir Putin’s war in Ukraine is causing rapid and widespread destruction of relations and programs. also relating to Moscow and the West. Post -War bridge construction opens on science as Western nations seek to punish and isolate the Kremlin by draining support for science projects related to Russia. .
The costs of this decoupling, scientists say, can be high on both sides. Climate change and other problems are more difficult to deal with without getting involved and wasting time. Russian and Western scientists relied on each other’s knowledge even though they also worked on conundrums ranging from unlocking the power of the powers to getting the probes into the air. It will be difficult to unravel a strong network of relationships.
An example is the European Space Agency launched on a Mars rover with Russia. Teams of Russian scientists to smell, search and explore the Earth’s environment and discover a non -Russian flying rocket must be opened up if the release of their association becomes a permanent threat. . In that case, the release, which was cut for this year, before 2026, is not possible.
“We need to open up this partnership that we’ve had, and it’s a difficult task, it’s painful and I can tell you,” ESA executive director Josef Aschbacher said in a statement. of an Associated Press interview. “Trusting in each other, of course, also builds resilience and, in a way, trust. And this is something we are missing, and we are missing now, by attacking Russia and Ukraine. “
Global outrage and retribution against Russia will make it difficult or impossible. Scientists who have become close friends have always been close but the plugs have been pulled in their large and small projects. The European Union is dropping Russian companies from its 95 billion ($ 105 billion) fund for research, dropping fees and saying they will not get new agreements. In Germany, Britain and elsewhere, money and support for projects related to Russia is returned.
In the United States, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology has forged ties with a research university that helped establish it in Moscow. The oldest and largest university in Estonia does not accept new students from Russia and Belarus. The president of the Estonian Academy of Science, Tarmo Soomere, said scientific ties should be broken but also hurt.
“We have the problem of wasting a lot of time to lead our world to better outcomes, (a) a better future,” he told the AP. “All over the world, we struggle to lose the very essence of science – to find new and important information and share it with others.”
Russian scientists are preparing for pain isolation. An online survey by Russian scientists and anti -war scientists said there were more than 8,000 suspects. They noted that by invading Ukraine, Russia had turned itself into a pariah state, which meant that “we cannot normally do our work as a scientist, because we cannot do research.” without the involvement of foreign colleagues. “
Growth is being stimulated by the Russian powers. An order from the Minister of Science said scientists should no longer bother to get research published in scientific journals, saying they would no longer be used as symbols for good. of their work.
Lev Zelenyi, a lead physicist at the Space Research Institute in Moscow who participated in the current event on the ExoMars rover, described the situation as “dangerous” and said in an email to the AP that it should He and other Russian scientists now “learn how to live and work in this new way.”
In some large companies, the future is uncertain. Work continues on the 35-nation ITER fusion-energy project in southern France, with Russia among the seven founders sharing the costs and results from the experiment.
Laban Coblentz, an ITER spokesman, said the project continues to be “an attempt by countries with different ideas to physically build something.” Among the major supplies Russia will supply is a large superconducting magnet awaiting test in St. Petersburg. Petersburg before shipping – probably a few years.
Researchers looking for hard black matter believe they won’t miss the more than 1,000 Russian scientists who are giving experiments at the European nuclear research group CERN. Joachim Mnich, head of research and census, said the punishment should be reserved for the Russian government, not the Russian partners. CERN has previously released Russia’s surveillance status on the group, but “we’re not going to send anyone home,” Mnich told the AP.
In other schools, scientists say that Russian knowledge is disappearing. Adrian Muxworthy, a professor at London’s Imperial College, said that in his research on the Earth’s magnetic field, Russian -made instruments “could perform measurements that professionals could not. Other things done in the West to do. ” Muxworthy no longer considers the donation from Russia from the 250 -million -year -old Siberian rocks he intended to teach.
In Germany, aerospace scientist Markus Rex, the annual worldwide mission he led to the Arctic in 2019-2020, said it would be impossible not to have powerful Russian ships flying through the ice to keep their research ship supplied with food, firewood and other necessities. Ukraine’s aggression is stopping this “very close,” and joint efforts are coming to study the impact of climate change, he told the AP.
“It’s going to hurt science. We’re going to lose things,” Rex said. “Just leave the map and look at the Arctic. It’s very difficult to do serious research in the Arctic if you don’t leave that important thing there, Russia.”
“It’s a real dream because the Arctic is changing so fast,” he said. “It doesn’t wait for us to settle our political disputes or just want to win over other countries.”
CERN lab develops atoms against Russia
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