Gastrointestinal reflux, commonly called Acid Reflux or GERD, is a disease of the digestive system, directly affecting the esophagus and stomach. The lining of the gastrointestinal tract or esophagus is caused by acid from the stomach, which travels back and forth into the mouth. This can leave a bitter taste in the mouth, can irritate the heart, make it difficult to eat, or cause shortness of breath.
GERD can be mild, moderate or severe, depending on the frequency of acid reflux. Usually, patients can manage their symptoms but in some cases, the doctor may prescribe antidepressant medication or cut. GERD in adults can lead to cancer if not treated in time.
Symptoms of GERD
Alcohol consumption due to GERD is one of the main causes of these symptoms.
- Kind of sour or sour in the mouth
- Heart and chest pain
- Difficult to eat
- Return again
- Bad breath
- It is a lump like the shape of a hill
- Respiratory problems
- Head teeth
- Enamel (top layer of teeth)
If someone gets acid reflux at night, they may experience a disturbance in their sleep, laryngitis and constant sneezing. If you have asthma, it can get worse over time.
Risks of GERD
When we talk about the risks, both internal and external factors play a major role in the occurrence of GERD and its severity. There are these problems
- Hiatal hernia, which is related to the bulging of the upper part of the abdomen, in the diaphragm.
- Scleroderma, lupus or related diseases
In many cases, dietary habits and lifestyle choices can increase the risk of getting acid reflux. These can include smoking a lot, being overweight, eating foods high in oil and fat, drinking too much alcohol, and eating too much. coffee, certain medications such as aspirin, and eating large meals at mealtimes or before bedtime.
Special documentation for children with GERD
Spitting on food and later vomiting can often be seen in babies between 3 and 1.5 years of age. The important thing to know is how often. In many cases, GERD is not seen in babies. New parents need to keep in mind some of the symptoms as they see how their baby is eating
- Pounding or biting
- No food
- Hiccups or wet spots
- It’s too heavy
- But often
- How a baby gets angry during and after feeding
- It grows slowly
- Difficulty sleeping
- The health condition is like the tongue
If parents notice any of these symptoms, they should immediately consult with the pediatrician about immediate care. Online health care portals such as credihealth.com can help parents connect with the appropriate physician, as well as assist with doctor registration, prescribing medications, and medications. other home care services.
Also read: GERD (Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease) Symptoms and treatment
Symptoms of GERD
A gastroenterologist is often consulted for diagnosis and treatment plan for acid reflux. The doctor takes a detailed medical history, which includes considering the symptoms and signs. After that, the doctor says these tests
- Barium Swallow examines the esophagus and upper part of the digestive system, via X-ray
- Endoscopy to examine the esophagus and gastrointestinal tract. An endoscope is a device with a camera that is inserted in the mouth, into the stomach, through the esophagus. It provides a clear picture, and can also help with taking biopsies.
- Ambulatory acid pH test. The test taker can be cut into the esophagus during endoscopy or in the form of a thin catheter, in the nose, into the esophagus.
- Oesophageal manometry
Treatment of GERD
The treatment of GERD involves the use of a variety of medications.
- Antacids can help eliminate stomach acid, but they do not have a permanent effect. Excessive use of antacids can lead to illness and disease, so it is always recommended to eat after a doctor’s appointment.
- H-2 inhibitors can reduce the function of the stomach.
- Prokinetics help to clear the stomach quickly but may have side effects such as anxiety, dizziness and nausea.
If an incision is required, the doctor recommends Fundoplication, which is an incision that involves suturing the upper part of the stomach around the esophagus. Other procedures such as LINX device placement and TIF can be performed, depending on the patient’s condition. Endoscopic procedures or minimally invasive procedures are another option to stop or reduce GERD.
Modifications to use to reduce GERD
One can choose different lifestyle and dietary changes before, during or after GERD treatment.
- Reducing and stopping smoking, drinking alcohol, reducing the consumption of coffee or other alcoholic beverages can help reduce acid reflux.
- Avoid sugary foods, citrus fruits, mint, cardamom, and fatty foods.
- One can choose to eat slowly, chew food properly, and eat small meals during the day.
- Physical activity and maintaining a balanced diet are important for good health and free GERD.
- Prevention of wearing tight clothing and acupuncture have been shown to benefit patients with GERD.
GERD or Gastrointestinal Reflux can be seen in children as early as 3 months or can develop in the lungs in age groups over 40 years of age. From the evidence gathered through various studies, it can be determined that lifestyle and dietary habits play an important role in the onset of the disease. Simply avoiding routines in the early stages of the disease can help relieve patients in the early stages and help them save money on hospital bills.
If the patient is a chronic disease, health advances have brought long -term and lasting results, it can be easily reached in hospitals with specialized Gastroenterology like Aig Hospital Gachibowli, Asian institute of Gastroenterology, paras hospital gurgaon, Medanta hospital ranch. If anyone or anyone close to them is experiencing any of the symptoms mentioned above, they should consult a physician immediately.
Disclaimer: The words, opinions, and data contained in these publications are those of the authors and contributors only and not those of Credihealth or the editor.
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