U.S. STD cases have increased significantly during the disease period

By Steven Reinberg
Health Announcer

TUESDAY, April 12, 2022 (HealthDay News) – While the COVID -19 pandemic has left people at home, cases of sexually transmitted infections (STDs) have risen across the United States.

While cases fell in the first months of the disease, incidence rose again by the end of 2020, with gonorrhea, syphilis and congenital syphilis more than the 2019 levels, according to a recent report from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

“STDs are now on the rise for seven years in a row,” Drs. Leandro Mena, director of the CDC’s Division of STD Prevention.

“These increases are rooted in the decline in public health funding, which has hampered the ability of health agencies to provide care, care, prevention and services. friends, “he said.

The increase in drug use, which is related to environmental and socioeconomic conditions that make it difficult to access services, is also an activity, Mena said.

The 2020 STD Surveillance Report, released on April 12, looks at the end of 2020:

  • Cases of gonorrhea and pre- and post -secondary syphilis increased by 10% and 7%, respectively, compared to 2019, respectively.
  • Syphilis among newborns, called congenital syphilis, has increased by nearly 15% since 2019, and 235% since 2016. Pre -and -school syphilis cases have continued to rise. high in 2021.
  • Cases of chlamydia have fallen by 13% since 2019.

Chlamydia is the most common of the STDs reported. The researchers believe that the drop in cases reduced to STD screening and underdiagnosis during illness is not a real reduction in new infections. The decline in chlamydia cases is reported to be due to the fall in the number of STDs reported in 2020 – from 2.5 million cases in 2019 to 2.4 million in 2020.

The researchers identified several factors that contributed to the decline in STD cases in the first half of 2020, including:

  • Not watching.
  • Health workers left to work at COVID-19.
  • Deficiencies of STD tests and lab equipment.
  • Leaving health insurance due to unemployment.
  • The rise of telemedicine has resulted in frequent surveillance and leaving some patients undiagnosed.

The highest rates of new STIs have been found among gay and bisexual men and adolescents, the CDC reported.

“Over 50% of all STDs reported are among young people over 24 years of age,” Mena said.

The fight against the rising number of STDs is being promoted by several organizations, including local health agencies, he said.

“Community groups are in a unique position to respond to emerging STDs and can play an important role in encouraging people to take action on their sexual health first,” Mena said. “Health care providers can play a role in removing stigma, by integrating STD prevention and public health into routine practices and creating welcoming spaces for all people. . “

The most important thing people can do, says Mena, is to get tested every year for STDs, even if you are a young person who has had sex or been having sex with friends. crowd.

Dr. David Rosenthal, medical director of the Center for Young Adult, Adolescent and Pediatric HIV at Cohen Children’s Medical Center in Great Neck, NY, said his work is familiar with the rise of STDs.

“Undoubtedly, we are seeing an increase in the incidence of the disease in all of them,” he said. “By the time we get to 2020 or mid -2021 that’s when we started to see an increase in disease, at least to my knowledge.”

More people are coming for STD testing, Rosenthal said.

“It’s important that we continue to do what we can to identify new STDs and make sure we can detect them before they spread to other people and make sure they can. we can prevent STIs as soon as possible, and prevent the transmission of HIV, “he said. said.

The best way to prevent STDs is through protective means – condoms are better or female condoms, says Rosenthal.

“The second part is that we need to be really trained to test people, especially young people, so that we can be better known for STDs,” he said.

See more

To learn more about sexually transmitted infections, visit the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

PRINCIPLES: Leandro Mena, MD, MPH, executive director, Department of STD Prevention, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; David Rosenthal, DO, PhD, medical director, Center for Young Adult, Adolescent and Pediatric HIV, Cohen Children’s Medical Center, Great Neck, NY; CDC report: Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs), 2020April 12, 2022

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