The USA and the EU are responsible for most of the ecological damage caused by the excessive use of raw materials.

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High-income nations accounted for 74% of the world’s total income during 1970-2017, led largely by the USA and the countries of the European Union. This is revealed in a global study led by Jason Hickel, a researcher at the Institute of Environmental Science and Technology of the Autonomous University of Barcelona (ICTA-UAB), which determines the government’s responsibility for ecological breakdown in calculating the size of each race. They have more than their fair share of sustainable use thresholds.

Humans have a greater impact on earth systems than on earth’s borders, not just in terms of CO.2 emissions and climate change, but also through climate change, biodiversity loss, chemical pollution and biogeochemical flows. This ecological decline is largely due to the depletion of earth’s resources, which have risen rapidly over the past century and exceed security levels and continue to grow.

The global economy is estimated to consume over 90 billion tons of material each year, more than what industrial scientists believe is the sustainable level.

This new study provides a new way to determine government responsibility for ecological breakdown. “Not all nations have the same rights to these things; some countries use more resources than others through skin, labor, food and waste. ”said ICTA-UAB researcher Jason Hickel.

Between 1970 and 2017, nearly 2.5 trillion tons of goods were imported worldwide, with high-income and high-middle countries using the majority of these resources. This is 1.1 trillion tons more than the continuous route.

The study shows that the top countries (with 16% of the world’s population) accounted for 74% of the world’s resource use over the period 1970-2017, led by the United States. Fish (27%) and highlands. the European Union (25%). Spain ranks 11th on the list of 15 countries ahead of the global standard of eyewear use. Spain accounts for 2% of the total, after countries such as Japan, Germany, France, the United Kingdom, Canada and Italy, among others.

China, the country with the highest income, is the second largest country in the world and accounts for 15% of natural resource consumption. The rest of the Global South (i.e., the low -income and middle -income countries of Latin America and the Caribbean, Africa, the Middle East and Asia) accounts for only 8%. Similarly, 58 countries in the Southern Hemisphere, representing 3.6 billion people and India, are still living in the continental shelters.

The research, published in a journal Lancet Planetary Healthanalyzes the surface of buildings and aspects of global trade flows for resources such as fuels, wood, metals, minerals and biomass, using data from the UN’s international resource panel an extrapolated calculations.

Government ownership changed during the analysis. While the U.S. overshoot has continued to grow in fixed terms, its share of global overshoot has slowly declined over the past two years, which is similar for Europe and other nations. This change is mainly due to the increasing use of resources in China, which is the majority of manufacturers. China’s overshoot began only in 2001, but has grown rapidly in the years since.

“The results show that economic nations are largely responsible for the fragmentation of the ecosystem, and therefore ecosystems are indebted to the rest of the world,” explains Jason Hickel, who claims these nations lead to radical reductions.using their resources to prevent further degradation, change may be required after growth and degrowth.


The value of “Advanced” countries in terms of providing resources and services from the South


More information:
Jason Hickel et al, The government’s responsibility for ecological degradation: a balanced review of economic use, 1970-2017, The Lancet Planetary Health (2022). DOI: 10.1016 / S2542-5196 (22) 00044-4

Presented by Autonomous University of Barcelona

Directions: The United States and the EU are responsible for most of the ecological damage caused by excessive use of raw materials (2022, April 8) Retrieved 9 April 2022 from https://phys.org/news /2022-04-usa-eu-responsible- majority-ecological.html

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