The South Bronx’s traffic jams are on the rise, increasing health and safety risks


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The number of motor vehicles increased between 2017 and 2019 in the combined residential areas of Mott Haven and Port Morris in the South Bronx, an area plagued by environmental pollution from interstate and business activities. The study was led by researchers at Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health, in collaboration with the local South Bronx Unite. The information is presented in the journal Environmental Science and Policy.

Air pollution associated with driving contributes to higher rates of asthma in Mott Haven and Port Morris (17 percent of children ages 4 and 5) and walking injuries associated with the car (43 hotels per 100,000 people vs. 23 cities around). Car -related air pollution is also associated with hypertension, heart attack, and stroke.

“High levels of air pollution and high rates of asthma in the South Bronx are related to traffic jams, which our research has found to have increased in recent years. , ”says lead author Markus Hilpert, a doctor of health sciences at Columbia Mailman School. “The disparities between the South Bronx and Manhattan are a growing problem with the implementation of congestion costs, which will only limit transportation to Manhattan’s central business district.”

The researchers analyzed Google’s car data in the South Bronx between 2017 and 2019. The number of cars increased significantly every day in the combined locations around the state of Harlem. River Yards (HRY) is where FreshDirect, a large online grocery store, opened in 2018. Overcrowding has increased at night nearby, with more people staying, which could result in increased sleep related to the car. There has been an increase in traffic on roads used by pedestrians and motorists to access recreational areas on Randall Island, adding to the traffic problem.

Their summary did not reveal how to change the congestion that was only related to the car in relation to the online grocery store. However, the increase in the number of joints that they saw during the night was consistent with their previous practice, where there was a link between the increase. The car in both places and the opening of the store. A preliminary study also found rising levels of atmospheric carbon black, a tracer for air pollution associated with cars, as a result of the store opening.

“The survey was done in places where the highest number of residents live, work and go to school,” said lead author A. Mychal Johnson, founder of South Bronx Unite. “We’re also looking at ways to go with the development of the New York City Housing Authority, where our community has some of the highest levels of public housing in the city.”

The researchers said the methods used in this research could be used in many cities around the world if the data were available to the public.

“Our approach can be used to empower local communities to support efforts to reduce the overall health impact of the vehicle,” said lead author Diana Hernández, a professor of sociomedical science. at Columbia Mailman School. “In addition, it can be used to increase the range of environmental assessments and conclusions.”

“Environmental regulators recognize pollution from many sources. With the increasing number of sources of pollution comes a health impact,” said lead author Anisia Peters, a former researcher at Columbia. Mailman School. “While there is research evaluating the negative effects of air pollution, there is little research available on evaluating environmental traffic from data available to the public. The problem is from a root cause.”

Mott Haven and Port Morris have a long history of transport, beginning in 1939 with the construction of the Major Deegan Expressway, and in 1962, the Sixth Avenue. Bruckner Expressway. HRY, a 106 -acre state property on the Port Morris coast, provides housing for transportation activities, including a state center, a city waste disposal facility for the entire Bronx, and a home. print of a major newspaper. In 2014, the New York State Department of Environmental Protection first developed the Mott Haven-Port Morris Waterfront Plan to establish beach stability and beach access for the South Bronx community. Over the past ten years, large residences have been built on the combined site in Port Morris.

FreshDirect depot carries most vehicles to the South Bronx

More information:
Anisia Peters et al, Evaluating environmental transportation from publicly available data: Data from an environmental management community in New York City, Environmental Science & Policy (2022). DOI: 10.1016 / j.envsci.2022.03.010

Presented by Columbia University’s Mailman School of Public Health

Directions: South Bronx car traffic on the rise, increasing health and safety risks (2022, April 13) Retrieved 13 April 2022 from news/2022-04-south-bronx-traffic-congestion-worsens.html

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