The Chinese steamer Shenzhou-13 and its crew of three tycoons ended their six-month voyage and returned to Earth on Saturday, April 16 after ending its first long stay on Earth. China Museum.
The plane will take off and begin its journey home on Friday, April 15, before re -entering space. Touchdown was located at the Dongfeng Landing Site in Inner Mongolia, China, just a few kilometers from the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Complex.
The Shenzhou-13 is the eighth cruise ship for China’s civilian aviation program, which began with Yang Liwei’s official flight on the Shenzhou-5 in October 2003. This is what has given China the distinction of flying. becoming the third nation to be able to embark on cruise missions, after all. The United States and Russia.
Since then, a total of 12 taikonauts – an unnamed name for Chinese astronauts – have flown into the air, including the Shenzhou -13 team.
Zhai Zhigang, leader of China’s newest human flight, a senior general of the People’s Liberation Army and a skilled lieutenant, joined the Chinese human flight program in 1998 and became the first Chinese national to fly. led a tour during the Shenzhou-7 mission in September. 2008.
A female lieutenant and People’s Liberation Army Air Force colonel Wang Yaping also experienced in the Shenzhou program. She became the second Chinese woman to fly in the sky during her flight at Shenzhou-10 in June 2013, and holds the position of first woman to sit on the Chinese Museum. newly built.
Ye Guangfu, a PLAAF pilot, was the only Shenzhou-13 pilot to fly first. He was selected to join the taikonaut team on Wang Yaping’s side in 2010, serving as a returnee for the Shenzhou-12 mission that began in June 2021.
Shenzhou-13 enjoyed the official launch on a Chang Zheng 2F (CZ-2F) rocket from Launch Area 4 of the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center on October 15, 2021. The Space Shuttle China at about six and a half. hours later, marking the second voyage of the sailors to the new orbital outpost.
While on the ship, Zhai, Wang, and Ye worked on performing scientific experiments in microgravity, similar to those done on the International Space Station. This includes cytological tests, tests for moving objects, and studying the surface area of fluids.
Three EVAs or “spacewalks” are planned to be built during the Shenzhou-13 mission to complete the construction of the Chinese airport. However, two off -site jobs are needed.
The first EVA planned was completed on November 7, 2021, with Zhai Zhigang and Wang Yaping coming out of the Tianhe core module to perform hardware tests and install a robotic armrest and an integrated adapter. The walk takes 6 hours and 25 minutes.
In it, Wang Yaping became the first Chinese woman to lead an EVA, following in the footsteps of cosmonaut Svetlana Savitskaya and astronaut Kathryn Sullivan who were the first women of their countries to “go “in the air.
The second EVA was held a month later on December 26, with Ye Guangfu embarking on his first flight with missionary leader Zhai Zhigang. They also worked to install an outdoor camera called a “panoramic camera C,” with a footrest.
Zhai and Ye tried different ways of translating, or moving, things out of the center. In all, the second spacewalk lasted 6 hours and 11 minutes.
During their stay and work on the Chinese Space Station, Zhai, Wang, and Ye hosted lectures from the air on the education of young Chinese students, in order to encourage them. they use science and technology to promote the long -term development of the nation. Classes are held extensively at the China Science and Technology Center in Beijing, with “member rooms” that support studies in other parts of China.
One lecture was held on December 9, 2021, and the second session on March 23, 2022. In these lectures, participants learned science lessons and presented experiments on subjects. students while taking the time to answer questions from the classrooms.
– CNSA Watch (@CNSAWatcher) April 10, 2022
On Sunday, April 10, 2022, a Q&A meeting was held between the three Shenzhou-13 tycoons and American students at the Chinese Embassy in Washington, DC, hosted by the United States. Yes. SpaceX CEO and founder Elon Musk was also featured at the event, giving a speech that was pre -recorded in advance of his wishes to continue communicating in the air.
At the end of their mission, Zhai, Wang, and Ye began preparing to return to Earth in mid -April. The closure of the container between the Shenzhou-13 aircraft and the Chinese Museum took place on Friday, with no opening soon after.
The Shenzhou aircraft consists of three components: the Orbital Module, Reentry Module, and Service Module. Overall, the car is similar to the tested Russian Soyuz.
The passengers stayed in the Shenzhou Reentry Module after they left the Chinese airport. When the highest Orbital Module was released, a deorbit fire was created. After the fire was extinguished, the low -level Service Module was released, clearing the way for Earth’s atmosphere.
Upon re -entry, Zhai, Wang, and Ye were protected with a 450 -kilogram heat shield found at the Shenzhou Reentry Module. The Chinese state announcement announced the return of the sailors to what was known as a name -calling, followed by a parachute arrangement to prolong the landing.
A low landing was held at the Dongfeng Landing Site in Inner Mongolia at 01:56 UTC on Saturday. The taikonauts were translated by rescue workers soon after.
The completion of the Shenzhou-13 mission marks the completion of the first phase of the “Three Steps” of the Chinese human aviation project: the construction of the China Museum. This starts from First and Second: the beginning of a cruise mission and the incorporation of a small office, respectively.
The second phase will feature the integration of new modules into the Chinese outpost, such as the Wentian and Mengtian Laboratory Cabin Modules. It is expected to be released and installed in 2022, while the Shenzhou-14 cruise line is underway.
China plans to use the center to boost its permanent human presence in the air, along with the United States and Russia. The missions are expected to be in the future by the members of the Earth, as the number of voyages into low Earth orbit continues to increase.
(Photo guide: Shenzhou-13 posted at Dongfeng Landing Site. Credit: CGTN)