Age 17-21 is a critical transition period as young people learn to become adults with greater responsibilities. Many young people have family members who offer social and financial support to help them through this critical time; however, these supports were not available to many of the variables outside of nursing care. Without community support, the risk of homelessness, confinement, and other remedial consequences is even greater.
A new study shows that a foster child with a disability is more likely to be homeless or confined during the transition to a different adult depending on the nature of the disability. George Mason University associate professor of Social Work JoAnn Lee and Health Administration and Policy associate professor Gilbert Gimm found that young people with disabilities are more likely to be homeless and incarcerated than ever before. people with other disabilities. However, after digging deeper, they found that there were several factors that explain the relationship between mental illness and homelessness and incarceration: “The “We always know how important it is to have a heart defect when it comes to preventing other conditions, contrary to what we thought about earlier studies,” Lee said. “This is very important because mental illness is the kind of disability that people think of, if they separate the nature of mental illness.”
The first studies included people with disabilities or physical examination. This study focused on mental or developmental disabilities, cognitive / hearing impairments, and physical disabilities with low levels of homelessness and incarceration. In addition to the disabilities analyzed, people with disabilities reported the lowest rates of homelessness and incarceration and those with disabilities reported the highest rates.
“This study demonstrates the need to link community supports and policies to the specific needs of young adults with disabilities, can reduce barriers to services and improve community involvement. for homelessness and incarceration, ”Lee said.
In addition, research has shown that young people are more likely to attend school, work, and foster care support with lower risk of homelessness and incarceration. The study found that a small group of young people were not evaluated and more research was needed because of the better overall results.
In the study, nearly half (46%) of adolescents outside of foster care were diagnosed with a disability. The majority had a heart defect (36.8%) and a small percentage of young people were diagnosed with a cognitive / developmental impairment (4.3%), cognitive or hearing impairment (6.3%). ), and physical disability (1.1%). Nine percent of the study group was not evaluated for a disability.
“We are proposing two important policy ideas that are in line with our experience. First, transition services for senior youth need to be strengthened. Second, transition services need to be expanded as far as possible. at age 25 can help reduce the risk of homelessness and retention, ”Gimm said.
The paper titled “Assessing Homelessness and Incarceration Among Youth Aging Out of Foster Care, by Type of Disability” was published online. A story book for children and young people in February 2022. The researchers conducted the survey to identify associations between disability and homelessness and retention when suppressing demographic and systemic characteristics. children.
The study combined management data from the 2014 cohort of the National Youth in Transition Database (NYTD) and the Adoption and Foster Care Analysis Reporting System (AFCARS). The NYTD results surveyed teens as young as 17, with follow -up interviews when they reached 19 and 21, to see how well they were doing at their age. outside of caring for and changing the adult.
Educating on ways to prevent homelessness among young people with intellectual disabilities, development
JoAnn S. Lee et al, Assessing homelessness and confinement among young people outside of foster care, in terms of disability, A story book for children and young people (2022). DOI: 10.1007 / s10560-022-00817-9
Presented by George Mason University
Directions: The problem of homelessness or confinement among foster children is different due to the nature of the disability (2022, March 31) Retrieved 31 March 2022 from https: // phys. org/news/2022-03-homelessness-incarceration-foster-youth-varies.html
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