March 28, 2022
As NASA reads its first Artemis projectile, President Joe Biden has proposed 2023 billion dollars more than 2022 in search of the deep man.
Overall, the Navy is requesting $ 26 billion for NASA, including the Artemis project, International Space Station operations, space technology development, Earth and planetary science, astrophysics, heliophysics, aeronautics research and more. This is included in the $ 5.8 trillion budget for 2023 released on March 28, 2022, less than half the percentage of federal spending.
“It’s more than a number, a number, or even what the president of funding has said,” NASA Administrator Bill Nelson said in an official statement. “This money demonstrates the Biden-Harris mission’s confidence in the amazing workers to make NASA the best place to work for the federal government. It’s an asset to businesses and universities to come together. “It’s a sign of support for our missionaries in a new era of research and discovery.”
Deep human search
Most of the investment is in deep space search systems – $ 7.5 billion. This includes $ 1.3 billion for Orion, $ 2.6 billion for the Space Launch Rocket System, $ 779 million for the Lunar Gateway and $ 750 million for Exploration Ground Systems.
There is also about $ 1.5 billion for the Human Landing System project, which was expected last week to include the development of two human -listed islands. The first was awarded to SpaceX’s Lunar Starship last year under an “Option A” agreement.
Planning for a Lunar Starship show flight did not begin in 2024 with a landing during the Artemis 3 mission in 2025 – the first people on the surface of the moon more than half a century.
While the Lunar Starship fund will cover most of the HLS fund by 2023, it is expected that a second supplier will be given a separate agreement at the beginning of 2023 to develop vehicles for sustainable development. of the will of the Full Moon.
NASA plans to release an application form for applications in early April and a final application for applications by the end of the spring. The agency said the agreement would include new requirements for further research.
Companies such as Blue Origin and Dynetics are buying the new deal, both of which competed with SpaceX for the first deal.
Each of the activities provided for in this two development agreement, which is planning for non-landing and cruise ships, is likely to be in the period 2027-2028.
While SpaceX is not allowed to compete in this new agreement, it will have the ability to develop another spacecraft using the same sustainability requirements under “option B” provided by the HLS agreement. teacher. You will also be required to complete a second level of demonstration.
Following these demonstrations, the deals will be awarded to SpaceX and a couple of companies for an average of one human Moon missionary each year. This will be done similarly to the way NASA has awarded contracts for commercial cruise ships to the ISS.
Artemis lunar research objectives
In addition to Artemis 3, NASA plans the upcoming Moon spacecraft, Artemis 4, to take place in 2027. It is starting to offer more features to the Lunar Gateway, which is expected to see its first two modules released aboard a Falcon Heavy in 2024.
Artemis 5 represents the second level of humanity in the 21st century.
When the first possible devices – the Orion spacecraft, Block 1B SLS, the Lunar Gateway – were tested and developed – NASA was recognized in many parts for its lunar architecture.
First, as Gateway expands, it will begin to be used as a forum for the Human Landing System. It will also see the integration of a third -generation robotic arm developed by Canada – Canadarm3.
In addition, professional cargo carriers are starting to pack heavier items in the south pole of the moon, such as an unpressed Lunar Car.
Once these are in place and traditional credit services are established, the Gateway will double as a meeting place for replenishment, whether on its own or for new users.
In this area, the development of the Gateway will continue, adding to the development of science, communication and observation.
Now on the skin, a pressure rover will probably be given the base of the left pole and the front seat forever. Both of these can be long -lived and use up the translated resources.
After all this was done, NASA decided to use the Gateway and came to the Artemis site for various simulations for Mars missionaries.
The agency has said in the past that this could include a mock missionary who travels to the Gateway to stay for about six months, lands on the surface of the moon for a while, and returns to the Gateway. for six months before returning to Earth. . During all this time, communication delays can be implemented to match the speed.
These devices and devices are expected to be built with a team of non -commercial science missionaries on the surface of the moon. This is set to begin this year with one or two missionaries under the Commercial Lunar Payload Services program.
It’s more than just a deep human search
As exciting as the Artemis project is, NASA has major projects to maintain and develop. This includes the continuation of the International Space Station and the development of commercial low -Earth orbit areas dedicated to the outpost, some of which now number close to a quarter of a century.
Today, the ISS has been approved to be expanded to at least 2030 with the goal of developing a low -earth orbit market and helping prepare for future deep -sea missions. The plan is to complete the outpost by 2031.
Overall, the ISS project is raising about $ 1.3 billion for infrastructure operations in 2023 and $ 1.8 billion for cruise and cargo handling. The development of the commercial centers is expected to cost $ 224 million.
Combined with other research projects and land projects, NASA’s fund, including the ISS and the development of the industrial store, is asking for $ 4.3 billion.
The president’s proposal to allocate $ 1.4 billion for the development of space technology, including the development of electricity and electronic demonstration missions in orbit.
Science will have under the 2023 budget estimate about $ 8 billion. This includes $ 2.4 billion for earth science, $ 3.2 billion for earth science (including Mars missions and aircraft development), $ 1.6 billion for astrophysics (including Hubble and James Webb Space Telescope work). ), $ 797 million for heliophysics and $ 100 million for health and physical sciences.
Aeronautics is expected to earn $ 972 million; STEM enrollment is at $ 150 million; safety, security and missionary services at $ 3.2 billion; built at $ 424 million; and NASA Director -General at $ 48 million.
With a slight increase in the science and construction fund and safety, security and mission services, the scope of NASA’s non-Artemis fund is similar to the president’s 2022 budget. , which appealed to Congress for $ 24.8 billion a. received only $ 24 billion.
The process is forward
These numbers, for NASA’s Artemis project, are generous in these precious times. However, it is up to Congress to get the job done.
While the 2023 fundraiser will begin in October. 1, 2022, The council has not given any money in recent years, in order to require lawyers to make decisions that continue to provide money to the government in level of the past year for specific periods. If this is not done, the government could be shut down, as has been done for 35 days in late 2018 and early 2019.
In some cases, many retention decisions are made before the lawyers agree to the funding. The budget for 2022 was not actually decided by Congress and was signed by the president until March of this year, nearly six months into the fiscal year.
The two chambers of the Legislature – the U.S. House of Representatives and the United States – must provide a budget that each party can agree to before it is sent to the president for his office. signature.
The best thing is to do this in Sept. 30, but recent history, combined with the fact that this is an election year, shows further continuing decisions.
However, support for the Artemis project and its various constituencies, or bipartisan support, is evident in both the council and the presidency.
If nothing significant changes, progress will continue with the Artemis project, even if there are unforeseen delays from time to time.
In fiscal year 2023 the president applied for a four -year grant from NASA for the project. According to the document, the central bank is expected to grow about $ 500 million a year over the current budget by 2027.
The video is by NASA
Tagged: Aeronautics Artemis program FY2023 Human Landing System Lead Stories lunar Gateway NASA budget Orion planetary science Space Launch System space science
Derek Richardson holds a degree in social media, with a major in contemporary journalism, from Washburn University in Topeka, Kansas. While at Washburn, he was the editor of the student travel newspaper, the Washburn Review. He has a blog about the International Space Station, called Orbital Velocity.