The impact of the white -tailed deer on New Jersey agriculture


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A small group of New Jersey farmers lost about $ 1.3 million to the deer disaster in 2019, according to a new report by Rutgers Cooperative Extension (RCE) and the Rutgers New Jersey Agricultural Experiment Station (NJAES). .

In the show, “White-Tailed Deer and the Hidden Costs to Farmers’ Livelihoods: A Case Study of New Jersey Stories, ”the researchers conducted in-depth observations of 27 farmers based on their experience, some about 1960, with white. -Deer tail related to environmental hazards, safety concerns, transportation problems and impacts on activities in the growth of large numbers of deer.

A total of 10 deer per square mile is expected to take care of the social, economic and ecological needs. But for the farmers included in the case studies, the deer density number ranges from 60-239 deer per square mile, according to a study done by Steward Green for the New Jersey Farm Bureau.

Interviews were conducted between October 2020 and March 2021 with farmers from Atlantic, Burlington, Cape May, Cumberland, Salem, Hunterdon, Mercer, Monmouth, Passaic, Somerset and Warren counties totaling 4,185 acres and leases 8,769 acres.

They “estimated” that $ 1.3 million in deer damage to crops and crop failure ($ 520,940) and “hidden reasons” about deer could contribute At a cash price ($ 755,200). The loss of food from other wild animals accounted for new losses ($ 97,749).

Other consequences of leaving the fields include inability to grow desired crops, replanting damaged crops, alterations, weeds struggling with weeds. planting, the use of plants and herbicides, soil damage, the time and money spent on management activities, and the amount of heartbreak.

But all the results cannot be given at a cost, says Joseph Paulin, a historian and management consultant with RCE and NJAES. The report includes personal stories of how families were greatly affected by the deer.

“It used to be kind of sad. A few weeks before Christmas, the money will come before you buy the trees.

“There are a lot of hidden costs and for many farmers there is more damage than direct destruction of crops,” said Nazia Arbab, a historian and aid consultant. at the Department of Agriculture, Food and Resource Economics at Rutgers.

The report provides advice on improving navigation in the state, increasing public awareness, access to land, navigation in local and public areas, and more real estate programs to help local food stocks.

“That knowledge is needed to improve and enhance deer navigation and to develop future policies,” said Brian Schilling, managing director of Rutgers Cooperative Extension.

“In a lot of places, especially on farmers, it needs to be more balanced,” Paulin said. “It’s important to ensure a healthy deer population is available while working to reduce safety concerns and impacts on farms and forests around the state.”

A recent study shows the transmission of SARS-CoV-2 to white deer

More information:
The report, “White-Tailed Deer and the Hidden Costs to Farmers’ Livelihoods: A Case Study of New Jersey Stories, ”is available as a PDF.

Presented by Rutgers University

Directions: Impact of white deer on farming in New Jersey (2022, March 28) retrieved March 28, 2022 from deer-jersey-farming.html

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