The amazing story of the points of Mercury

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Schiaparelli began looking at Mercury around the time of its largest elongation in the eastern part of the Sun in Feb. 6, 1882, concerning the nature of the evening star. That day, he was tasked with creating a “large network of dots” on a dichotomized disk. He knew that these dots were combined in the form of the number 5. He described each part of the number with the letters w, a, b, k, and i. Image 5 is what Schiaparelli is passionate about, and it is what makes him happy every time Mercury travels east of the Sun (as it did last May, when he remade in 5). On the other hand, when the earth moved westward from the Sun – becoming a morning star – Schiaparelli saw the most famous black spot, called q.

He formed his fearless mindset in August, when he followed the earth’s smallest constellation 3.5 ° west of the Sun. This act of fearless looking, he later admitted, severely damaged his retinas. He saw “almost the whole world, with a little less light than clothing; however, although the diameter was reduced to 4” or 5 “in diameter, the levels of the marks could be determined. seen more clearly than ever before. “Now, he was seen returning the black piece q. In September, the next time Mercury flew east of the Sun, he again saw 5. Schiaparelli’s thoughts were beginning to gel, and he believed the timing of the evidence confirmed that Mercury orbital period and rotational period are the same. 88 Earth Days.

Ma Oct. 20, 1882, he wrote to his close and trusted friend François Terby, an astronomer in Louvain, Belgium. Schiaparelli insisted that if he were to die before he could be announced, Terby should show Schiaparelli’s work “so that this beautiful result would not be lost to science.” The musician, Schiaparelli, described his reaction to Terby in Latin verses, reading (translated):

Cyllenius [Mercury]turning its axis according to Cynthia’s character [the Moon], Keep it night and day: One eye is scorched by constant heat; The other page, hidden, was deleted on.

Better yet, one hemisphere of Mercury is constantly facing the Sun, and the other is constantly facing the Sun – like the moon orbiting the Earth. However, like the moon, Mercury is seen to twist (or librate) around the fixed line between it and the Sun. This effect is significant, given the eccentricity of Mercury’s orbit, and gave Schiaparelli a cover for seeing that the position of its orbits has changed over time. However, libration is not able to list all the different types. In the end, Schiaparelli was forced to call for the existence of a vast universe around the small earth, and sometimes white clouds.

Deciding on his decision about Mercury’s 88 -day search and revolt period, Schiaparelli kept from firing until he was able to confirm his results with a large telescope. Yes. He used a 19-inch Merz-Repshold refractor, introduced at Brera in 1886. But it didn’t look much better with this size than the ones made with the Little Merz. Finally, in late 1889, Schiaparelli published a memoir, in which he summarized his findings and published his famous planisphere. In December, he made a short trip outside Milan to teach at the Quirinal Palace in Rome a famous ceremony that included the king and queen of Italy. During the speech, Schiaparelli spoke provocatively of the growth of water – and life itself – in the “night side” between the regular sides of the sun and the dark sides of the night of Mercury.

Schiaparelli lived until 1910, with a clear sense of his fate to the end. A group of later observers also lined up to confirm his findings. The main one on the rest is Greek-French astronomer EM Antoniadi, whose long study of Mercury in the 1920s with a 33-inch refractor at the Meudon Observatory near Paris validates Schiaparelli’s map , its transformation period, and its clouds. Mercury researchers consider 88 days of search to be the best truth in world science. And it’s just a hoax though.

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