The man has jumped a lot 61 years ago (April 12), but it’s much harder to mark a milestone than this year.
Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin was launched into Earth orbit aboard the Vostok 1 spacecraft on April 12, 1961, becoming the first man to reach space. Earth time continued to be an aerial cable for the Soviet Union, which began in the broad year with the launch of the Sputnik 1 satellite in October 1957.
After the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, Russia took over the reins of Soviet aircraft, both robotic and human – including the now -defunct Mir airport.
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Russia has come into the realm of aviation tests and has been there for a generation. He is credited with working as a co -pilot on the International Space Station (ISS) with NASA.
In fact, Russia has been the only nation that has been able to take astronauts to space since July 2011, when NASA suspended its spacecraft, and until May 2020, when SpaceX took over. ate people in the orbiting lab for the first time.
But Russia’s public companies split after its Feb. 24 invasions of Ukraine. The country has banned the use of Russian -built Soyuz rockets at the European Spaceport in French Guiana, for example, and no longer sells Russian missiles to American companies. And Russia’s central bank Roscosmos is threatening to abandon the ISS project unless further sanctions are lifted.
Roscosmos leader Dmitry Rogozin has often spoken out about sanctions. On April 2, for example, he said that earth projects with the ISS would continue “with a full lifting of impunity.” (It was published in Russian, and translated by Google.)
Rogozin is known for hyperbolic language, so his words should be taken with salt. NASA has repeatedly stated that the ISS’s relationship is normal, and that message was reinforced when American Mark Vande Hey returned to Earth on a Russian Soyuz spacecraft on March 30 with two. cosmonauts, landed in Kazakhstan without difficulty.
The ISS is the only combination of the room that Russia has left between most international companies. Regardless of the features given above, it could not be released this year as the Mars rover Rosalind Franklin was planned. Rosalind Franklin is part of ExoMars, a joint venture of Russia and the European Space Agency. The rover was expected to be mounted on a Russian rocket, but this is not going to happen yet.
Last month, at a meeting in Paris, the ESA board agreed on the impossibility of implementing regular work with Roscosmos on the ExoMars rover mission starting in 2022, and ordered to the ESA chief to take the necessary steps to release the company. activities like that, ”ESA officials said (opens on new page).
“The conference has allowed the ESA chief executive to conduct a rapid industrial study to accurately describe the options available for the way forward to implement the ExoMars rover mission.”
London’s OneWeb has been asked to ask SpaceX, a competitor, to introduce one of its OneWeb satellites following an agreement to fly Soyuz rockets launched by European company Arianespace. .
Arianespace has promoted OneWeb satellites using Soyuz rockets over the years. But soon after the invasion of Ukraine, Roscosmos issued demands before the launch of the upcoming OneWeb, demanding that OneWeb ensure that the aircraft would not be used for military purposes. and the United Kingdom withdrew itself from the group. Because the demands were not met, Roscosmos rolled the Soyuz off the launch pad, the satellites into the car.
And it’s not clear that Russia will try to repair the walls every now and then, as much of Ukraine remains under siege and satellites continue to capture horrific images, according to photographs of a cemetery in the Ukrainian city of Bucha.
The United Nations estimates that 4.5 million people have fled to Ukraine, which is 10% of the country’s population. (The population of Ukraine in 2021 will be 43.7 million, according to the CIA Factbook (opens on new page).)