What is hair? – understand the reasons
In humans, hair grows everywhere on the skin except the palms and soles of the feet. Hair is made with proteins (88%). These proteins are complex, found in the outer layers of the skin, called keratin. As the follicles release new hair cells, the old hair is released from the skin’s surface at a rate of six inches per year. The hair follicle that we actually see is the dead chain of keratin cells. On average, an adult head has 100000-150000 hairs and loses nearly 50-100 strands a day.
Each hair follicle has its own life cycle. The life of a hair follicle is divided into 3 parts:
- Anagen: a natural growth agent, found in 90% of hair.
- Catagen: phase change or degeneration, seen in 10% of hair.
- Telogen: temporary rest, found in 5-10% of hair. In this part, it can be melted after being replaced with new hair.
What is curly hair
Hair loss is thinning on the scalp and is often described by the medical term – alopecia. Hair loss can be permanent or short -lived, and while hair loss is not considered a life -threatening disease, it can be problematic and can have a significant impact on quality of life. .
The American Academy of Dermatology (AAD) estimates that about 80 million men and women have thinning hair in America.
Symptoms of hair loss:
Symptoms of hair loss vary with the age and gender of each person. It can occur quickly or slowly and affect only the head or the whole body. Some of the symptoms of hair loss are listed below:
- The thinness of the hair on the head
- The hair line too
- The kind of horse shoe that rests on the crown of the head is seen
- People in bald circles maybe
- Slow drying of the hair, especially on the lei piece
- Quick hair loss
- Hair loss is lost all over the body
- Broken hair pieces on the crown of the head and eyebrows
- After various illnesses and medications, it melts a lot but the baldness is not complete.
Causes and types of hair loss
Legacy (family history): Inheritance or family history is a common theme in old age. This is the common cause of baldness in both men and women, which is characterized by thinning hair, baldness in men, and thinning of the hair around the necklaces of women.
Hormonal Changes: Pregnancy, menopause, abnormal androgen levels, thyroid, and other health diseases can lead to hair loss and thinning hair.
Drugs and additives: as a side effect of medications for diseases such as cancer, neck pain, depression, heart problems, and hypertension.
seriousness: Hair loss is very common these days. This is the cause of the thinness of the head. This type of hair loss is common most of the time.
Frequent hair removal and treatments: Excessive hair removal or heat treatment can cause side effects. Frequent dyeing and chemical treatments can cause hair loss. In the case of scarring in these cases the hair loss is permanent.
Lack of vitamins and minerals: Food plays an important role in maintaining good health and balance. Lack of certain vitamins such as vitamin D and biotin is thought to be the cause of thinning hair and thinning hair.
The amount of hair growth is decreasing. According to the symptoms and causes of hair loss, the types of hair loss are divided into the following:
- Involutional alopecia: it is a natural phenomenon that hair grows more with age. The hair grows longer at rest and the remaining hair is shorter and the number decreases.
- Androgenic Alopecia: due to hereditary or genetic factors. In men, this type of baldness is characterized by hair loss and loss of hair from the crown and parts of the head. The disease can start as young as 20 years old. In women, this type of baldness is called female baldness. But there are no signs or symptoms until age 40 or later. In women, it is seen by the thinness of the whole head and the lei piece that is the most affected.
- Alopecia Areaata: due to the interaction of the immune system with the hair follicles. The hair is removed in small areas leaving a clean layer.
- Alopecia areata: The thinness of the hair is caused by the hair being pulled back and tied to the pony tail or pig tails.
- Telogen effluvium: A short -term condition characterized by thinning of the hair on the scalp due to changes in the growth cycles.
- Alopecia: due to painful skin diseases such as cellulitis, folliculitis, acne and lupus types. It often leads to scratches on the scalp and permanent hair loss in those areas.
There are many treatments to restore thinning hair, but most of these can do little to reverse the process. First and foremost, you need to make sure that doctors who are certified as a hairdresser can help you with finding the best treatment for your thinning hair. However, some people may benefit from these medications:
Minoxidil (Rogaine): This topical preparation will provide a new growth in the bare areas. It helps in reversing the shrinkage of hair follicles and stimulates new hair growth. This should be used twice a day on the bald areas to reduce hair loss and thicken the rest of the hair. The side effects are small with the skin texture.
Finasteride (Propecia): used extensively in cases of male pattern baldness. This works by preventing the conversion of the male hormone testosterone to androgen DHT (dihydrotestosterone), which is responsible for hair miniaturization. It is important to note that finasteride is not recommended for hair care for women and children.
steroids: Some doctors prescribe corticosteroids such as prednisolone to reduce inflammation and stabilize the immune system in cases of hair loss such as alopecia areata.
Hair extensions: This involves the removal of strong hair follicles from the hair follicles to the bald areas on the scalp. It is necessary to install 10 to 60 plugs per session. Altered hair can fall out but new hair usually grows from the altered hair follicle. This is ideal for people with heritage hair.
Some ways to prevent hair loss:
Although it is not possible to stop aging and turn natural hair. Another ways to lengthen hair loss The procedure:
There are a few exceptions: The best way to protect your hair is to leave your hair in its natural state and color. Try to reduce the heat and chemical maintenance of the hair.
Choose products carefully: try to use basic shampoos and conditioners that are designed for your hair type. Use a small damage pad.
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Eat right and additives: some studies have linked the deficiency of certain vitamins (fruits A, B, C, D, E, biotin) and minerals (zinc, selenium) to improve hair growth. A balanced diet is usually helpful but if there are deficiencies, it is best to start with supplements.
Disclaimer: The words, opinions, and data contained in these publications are those of the authors and contributors only and not those of Credihealth or the editor.
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