Many residents of the Senegalese city of Dakar wake up in the middle of the night intending to collect water from their pipes, where most are dry.
“We woke up at 4 or 5 am to get some water,” said Sidy Fall, 44, in his kitchen on a workspace, full of large water bottles stored.
If he doesn’t wake up on time, the water often runs out by 5:30 am. Sometimes the fall pipes dry for two to three days at a time.
Senegal’s growing population is fueling scarce water resources in its semi-arid capital of five million people, with problems that will increase in the coming years.
This is common in many African cities, where investors are left behind by strong demographics and demand for water from industry and agriculture.
In Dakar, a recent World Bank report cited poor water management as the root cause of shortages, overuse and water pollution.
But the demand for water has continued to rise, sending town officials to improve services to secure the supply.
“Water is the source of life, but water is the source of problems,” Khadija Mahecor Diouf, prime minister of Dakar suburb Golf Sud, said at a public meeting last week.
Golf Sud’s population has grown from 70,000 to 125,000 in 10 years, Diouf told AFP, and is predicted to double in the coming years.
Half of all homes in the town have water problems, he said.
“We have an exploding population, unappreciated urban planning projects,” Diouf added, predicting the crisis will escalate.
About a third of Senegal’s population of 17 million people live in the state of Dakar, the country’s economic center.
But there are a lot of problems with speed bumps. The water system is infrequent, and areas of Dakar are constantly flooded during the rainy season.
Diouf said water shortages were a problem “year -round”.
The government of Senegal, in its territory, says 99 percent of cities and 91 percent of rural residents have access to water.
Provides medical treatment
Authorities are pushing for a solution to the supply crisis in the capital, and the government says it has played a major role in the economy.
Babou Ngom, from the Sones state water company, said the re -supply will soon be in demand.
Dakar is served by four plants that boil water from a lake about 250 kilometers (155 miles) north of the city – and from widely used aquifers.
The fourth plant to come online last year: Ngom said it would produce 200,000 cubic meters per day by the end of 2022 – to ensure Dakar’s water supply until 2026.
Sones is building a desalination plant on the Dakar coast, set to open in 2024.
While the people of Dakar were quick to complain to the government, the president of the state -owned trade union, Momar Ndao, admitted that he had praised.
Water is often available on ground floors, however, consumers are increasingly demanding exorbitant prices, he added.
Senʻeau, a private company that has managed Dakar’s water on behalf of the state since 2020, said he would not complain about the shortcomings.
The hold – where French industrial company Suez has a 45 -percent stake – is the target of the popular outrage.
But Diery Ba, Sen’eau’s chief executive, said the company had been handed over to the smelting water industry, which is starting to improve.
“Almost no community has access to water 24 hours a day,” he said.
Although the expansion of the system led to the water cut, this “repair time” has come to an end, he added.
Higher costs have also resulted in consumers consuming more water than ever before, he said.
Despite the improvements, there is still a question mark over the future of Dakar’s water supply.
According to the World Bank, Senegalese water use is expected to increase by between 30 and 60 percent by 2035.
“The land needs to start conserving water,” the bank said.
Senegal’s capital is once again flooded with complaints from experts of poor planning
© 2022 AFP
Directions: Senegal’s water capital faces the future (2022, March 29) Retrieved 29 March 2022 from https://phys.org/news/2022-03-senegal-water -stressed-capital-difficult-future.html
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