(CNN) — The Italian dream: lazing on one of the best beaches of the Mediterranean, drink in hand, just moving to eat fresh fish or get a new glass of wine.
But it’s your summer battle can be less dolce from 2024, when new rules are set that some experts can advise to change the clothing of the Italian sea.
From December 31, 2023, beach permits — whether a beach club renting sunbeds, a bar or a restaurant — will be suspended, in a move to “put the dolce vita Life is in danger,” say those who work in the industry.
With 4,600 miles of coastline on the mainland alone, Italy has one of the largest coastal areas in Europe.
But the new law means that in order for families to renew their licenses, they will have to compete with other interested parties from the EU – which can include large companies.
Although the permits cannot be bought for sale, the interested party must establish a plan for the site – and those who have owned bars and restaurants for generations are concerned, the odds are unbeatable. deep-pocketed investors — and costs for retirees could rise as a result.
“It is sold on the coast of Italy [to the highest bidder]”Luciano Montechiaro, owner of Lido Jamaica in Trentova Bay, in southern Campania, told CNN.
“When the stores arrived in Italy, the small shops were closed. We small businesses could not compete.”
Every day in the summer, Montechiaro is on the beach at 8 o’clock, sweeping the sand, preparing the sunbeds and making cappuccinos for the first arrival at the cabin. built 40 years ago by his late grandfather, whose picture hangs above the restaurant.
Guests can rent sunbeds and parasols, or visit the terrace, where Montechiaro offers lunch, with pasta dishes and salads. After he closed, he picked up trash around the beach.
Now 35, Montechiaro moved to Australia as a teenager, but returns every summer to work for the family business.
“This bay is my life — I was born here,” he said.
“There was nobody here in my time no come. He asked for this piece of land, it was given to him, he built a house, and he did this business. They might say, ‘Okay, you go.’
“If I had known they were going to take it away from us, I wouldn’t have come back from Australia.”
‘I will destroy my restaurant’
Marino Veri said he would open his trabocco before leaving it for someone else.
His restaurant is located nearby trabocco — a wooden fishing station perched on the sea, up to a rickety walkway, typical of the area. The culture goes back centuries, and most of it trabocchi fishing families that have had them for a long time.
Veri’s grandfather, a fisherman, built the trabocco, before his grandson saved it from being destroyed as a restaurant in 2010 and changed the family’s financial fortunes. The decline of the trees means that it has become more difficult to work from fishing on the coast of Abruzzo in recent years.
“I can understand people who don’t have time [to open their own] can be a little jealous, but we must take care of the traboccante [people who make and work in them]”he said to CNN.
“There is nothing concrete to make them – it’s an art. We know the wood to use – we cut it in the dark moon in January, so it’s strong for years. Anyway, I’ll finish the trabocco if any [won the space]so they’re selling a piece of the sea.”
‘Stop the rush’
There are 30,000 beach permits in Italy, 98% of which are family owned.
Oleg Zhukov/Adobe Stock
The law – approved by the Italian Senate, and moving to the Camera dei Deputati, which will vote on June 25 – seeks to bring Italy up with EU competition rules. The bloc introduced a rule in 2006, but Italy – along with important coastal countries – has repeatedly delayed implementation.
Italy’s concessions have been renewed since 1992, and in 2018, the government decided that new works will be held until 2033. However, the holders – those who took the loans no mortgages in their business – their license will be revoked. ten years ago, with the government saying it needed to reform competition laws in order to benefit from the EU’s cancer recovery plan. A spokesman for the Consiglio di Stato, which proposed the law, did not respond to a request for comment.
Maurizio Russtignoli, the FIBA president, told CNN that the way the law was rushed through was “not fair” and he warned that the cost would increase if the big companies moved.
“A business owner who told them until 2033, made a 10-year projection, and made investments and life choices, now knows that the state has taken 10 years , until now there is no guarantee of payment,” he said.
“It was done quickly, but a measure of this magnitude requires further discussion.”
If companies that come in have to pay wages to foreign producers, “costs will go up without a doubt,” he said.
And he said the move could open the door for crime to move in — partly because of the money needed to put together a successful bid, and partly because of the small number of The right company wants to invest in something that can be taken away from them. years down the line.
“Each entrepreneur needs the truth about the future, if they work legally. Either the legal world will move, or we will have a poor system,” he said.
“Businesses related to tourists are very attractive to those who take money, so there is a problem.
Beaches are ‘accessible to multinationals’
Italy’s famous beaches combine with Art Deco architecture in Tuscany.
gionnixxx/iStock Unreleased/Getty Images
Accepting the Italian coast as “unique in the world,” refers to the 19th century, according to Alex Giuzio, the author of “La Linea Fragile,” about the Italian coast.
“It’s very normal – we know that there will be a soft process, but not too much,” he said, adding to the concern that the beach could be “sold out”.
“Italy has more personal permits than anywhere else in Europe, and if the government doesn’t limit them to one person, or favor small family jobs – and they don’t to do that – you will have trouble in the coasts to go to multinationals. , and that’s kind of scary,” he said.
Beaches are big business
In Bibione, in the Veneto region, the beaches are a big business.
GitoTrevisan/iStock Unreleased/Getty Images
Not all people are bad. Others point to the low rents currently available for permit holders, and the low tax returns they often file.
And the Veneto region has its own law, as, “to produce the right results.” The beaches are big business in Veneto – they contribute 50% of the country’s GDP, equivalent to $10.5bn.
“The Veneto law helped us understand that a crisis can be an opportunity,” said Berton. “You can rebuild the area. We had parcels of land 50 years ago that were nothing … and we built $10.5bn of GDP.”
He said that recognizing the investments made by previous owners is critical to preventing large businesses from coming in. “The least you give me will pay for what I have lost,” he said.
The death of the dolce vita?
Luciano Montechiaro is afraid of losing his approval in Trentova Bay.
For Maurizio Rustignoli, however, everything is in trouble.
“You may be big but there is something bigger, and in five, 10 years you will see a change,” he said.
“Our concern is that small businesses will be destroyed because they will not have the financial power to them in Veneto… and although they are very good in Veneto, you cannot have a fair amount in all policies ,” of course. said.
Actually, that’s the whole point dolce vita Retirement is about risk, Rustignoli said.
“We don’t sell sunbeds; we sell a lifestyle.
“Going to a hypermarket is different from going to a small store.
“Travel is about emotions, and the dolce vita many things: food and wine, human relations, health. If you do the same thing everywhere, you will lose. “