Russia’s invasion shows the involvement of digital technology in all aspects of the war

by Katharina Niemeyer, Dominique Trudel, Heidi JS Tworek, Maria Silina and Svitlana Matviyenko, The Conversation.

Russia's invasion shows the involvement of digital technology in all aspects of the war

A map using satellite imagery and data from Google Earth showing the start and end numbers of a 40 -mile Russian military group en route to Kyiv, Ukraine on March 1, 2022. Available: Google Earth / Maxar Technologies

Because of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, we often hear that this is a different war; because Ukrainians have access to telephones and access to media networks, the traditional power of information and propaganda cannot work until people can see through the fog of war.

As a narrator and writer, it is important to add nuance to such claims. Not so much the question of who is “new” to this war, but to understand his media coverage. Another important aspect of this battle is the relationship between the old media and the new – the loopholes that go from Twitter to TV to TikTok, and back and forth.

We have moved from a fixed dialogue model, where journalists present the news in pre -selected pressures and styles, to a strong and engaging audience. Information about the war will be welcome, and users will contribute to the announcement by sharing and commenting online.

The new war and the media

Modern warfare and media technologies are a long and difficult story. During the First World War, airplanes served as weapons and media by taking aerial photographs and throwing propaganda books over enemy lines. Soldiers often used their personal photo booths in the early months of the war before their political leaders and the military banned such activities and left them in the hands of technicians. .

During World War II, each division of the German army had its own collection of war -themed films. In 1943, when the army was running out of resources, thousands of soldiers joined the film Kolberg, a 1945 promotional film that promoted German morale.

The Vietnam War is often described as the first “uncensored” war, according to media expert Daniel Hallin. During the Civil War in 1991, 24 -hour coverage by telephone newsletters revealed a different concept of war. Standing with clean video provided by the military, journalists quickly called it the “Nintendo War.” Since then, the media’s perception of the war has increased in speed and fragmentation.

The development of cyberwar

Cyberwar is a big part of modern warfare. It is about all the activities that take place on the network, and the physical systems that support it. This includes network problems, network configuration, and so on.

Cyberwar is done with traditional media censorship, and rapid dissemination of information. It involves complex communication events between humans and machines, which can be imagined, organized and imagined – or not.

Cyberwar exists in Ukraine on various scales. Drones can capture large sets of data for observation by artificial intelligence, and use that for accurate search. This includes pointing out the whereabouts of soldiers or civilians on posters, digital signage or media posts.

There are many historical advertising technologies that have been developed in cyberspace, but a new development is coming in the form of search and personalization of disinformation. Combined combat advertising technologies are also integrated with tools for online marketing.

Being able to identify soldiers and their family members means that real or deceptive threats can be made to persuade people to leave. The campaign also coincided with the release of an in -depth video of Ukrainian president Volodymyr Zelensky asking Ukrainians to give to the Russians.

“True or not,” a section on France 24, watched an in -depth video of President Zelensky posted on a hacked Ukrainian news website.

Complaints in Russia

The official TV channels in Russia (TV1, Russia, Zvezda) only advertise their control of events: there is no war led by Russia, only a special operation. The Russian government has looked at an unnamed disinformation publication targeting its own population, as well as independent media muzzling that has been persecuted such as so -called “foreign ambassadors.”

A few days after the attack began, the Kremlin passed the Censorship Law to “prohibit the dissemination of false information about special treatment” and exploitation. in words like “war” (disaster) and “attack” (vtorzhenie) —The offenders were sentenced to up to 15 years in prison.

The official Russian film publishes images of the Russian military as “liberating” Ukraine from “neo-Nazis and drug addicts.”

Russian television is misleading the public by making extensive use of deceptions and inciting panic by talking about nuclear contamination. The public was told that Ukrainians were bothering themselves.

The features are used to create a desired image of the Russian “liberators”. Some of them show up to the welcoming crowd of Ukrainians in Kherson, happy to join the Russian forces and receive humanitarian aid. However, as a friend in Ukraine wrote to one of us in the Telegram, after the capture, the Russian army took this help from the locals and moved.

Finally, Russian film uses “denazification” in an attempt to prove their uniqueness in Ukraine to Russians. This was supposed to evoke a regressive nostalgia for the victory over Nazi Germany, and has been part of Putin’s historical narratives for several years now.

The state -run radio station RT (Russia Today) was banned in Europe and Canada.

Fight for the truth

On March 9, a maternity hospital in the Ukrainian port of Mariupol was seriously affected. The hospital was destroyed, and at least three people were killed and 17 were injured. President Zelensky condemned the attack, calling it “the last sign that the genocide of Ukrainians is coming.”

The hospital’s official Russian television station said a few weeks ago that the damage from the site had been of a different nature.

Some of the photos of the hospital crash showed a pregnant and injured young woman who was seen as a local Instagram model. Hundreds of online trolls soon accused him of being an example of making false news about the hospital under arrest.

Accusing fraud, propaganda and censorship is always part of the battle, but cyberwar is among the more difficult ones. The powerful and rapid dissemination of false and factual information, the amount and types of data collected, and large and real -time documents of events demonstrating the integration Learning about and talking about the various aspects of warfare.

The fight against propaganda and censorship: A study of the Ukrainian ban on Russian social media

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