The loss of a parent is one of the destabilizing events of human consciousness. Orphans are at greater risk of drug use, dropping out of school, and poverty. Orphans are nearly twice as likely to die as homicides, and they are more at risk of major causes of death for the rest of their lives.
As a result of chronic illness, there are an estimated 200,000 American children facing these challenges. Although after two years of entering the country with coronavirus deaths, the damage is even more complex and can be difficult to understand: The loss of a caregiver during illness is the responsibility of one. for every 12 orphans under the age of age. 18, and in every public school in the United States, on average, two children are missing a caregiver. The COVID-19 case goes up and down, but “the orphan doesn’t come and go. It’s always going up, and the peak isn’t visible,” said Susan Hillis, managing director of Global Reference Group on Children Affected by COVID-19. “It’s not like you’re an orphan today and then you’ll be back in two weeks.”
Even if orphans face significant challenges, their outcome is not guaranteed: For many years, researchers have found that programs that focus on children’s motivation can help. orphans overcome the unthinkable, even if the children receive help soon after death. . However, so far, the plight of orphans has not been reported to be a serious problem in the United States. No law or order was given another special resources for sick orphans, while Congress and the House of Representatives have spent trillions of dollars to help Americans cope with this crisis. And even though a message released by President Joe Biden yesterday promised the administration would develop a program for orphans, it was prepared to be very small. “It doesn’t define planning or implementation,” Rachel Kidman, a psychiatrist at Stony Brook University, told me.
And unemployment goes deeper than that: With small differences, the parts of the country that need most work don’t do much to help these children. “No one has set up a system to find out who these kids are,” Hillis said. The problem of orphanhood is very important for orphans, but it is very important for us. If America can’t do anything to help children most affected by COVID, what hope is there to make some kind of long -term changes as we try to quit the disease?
A 10 -year -old man in New York City lost his father in the first wave of 2020. Four children in Boynton Beach, Florida, left by a single mother who died 48 hours after being taken to the hospital . A 6 -year -old boy and an 8 -year -old girl from McAlester, Oklahoma, lost their mother to COVID only two and a half years after their father lost to liver failure. With nearly 1 million COVID deaths now, all American children are orphaned by the disease. But the difference between race and ethnicity that was diagnosed with the disease was compounded by the loss of a caregiver. For example, COVID mortality is higher for Hispanic Americans than that for white Americans, but the loss of Hispanic care is much higher. double of white Americans. Various models are available for other organizations, such as the review by Dan Treglia, a political science researcher at the University of Pennsylvania and a technical assistant at the COVID Collaborative, a group of health professionals, education, and profession.
Because of the easy spread of COVID in the home, some children have been lost to both parents; Some have lost a grandfather who once cared for them. Nearly a quarter of American children live with one parent and no other adult, which means it can take only one death because of a future disaster. Because these children are low -income and not white, they face systemic barriers that increase the risk of orphanhood – and many families are unprepared from the start. Unlike other diseases that leave children orphaned, COVID strikes quickly. It’s more like a car accident than cancer. With COVID, “someone died in weeks,” Hillis said. No one thought, “My dear, who will take care of the children?”
Despite the speed, the response was not met in time. The federal government has allocated funds to help pay for the funerals of Americans who died from COVID. While it is a good initiative to help cut costs in a critical time, money is not the kind of money that should support the long -term needs of orphans. Yesterday, as part of a presidential memo addressing the long -term effects of COVID, Biden vowed that federal agencies will make a report within a few months showing how they will improve. supports “individuals and families who are experiencing a loss as a result of COVID-19. But Mary C. Wall, a senior counselor on the White House’s COVID-19 Response Team who serves as a “retirement leadership,” told me there isn’t a team that is dedicated and focused on increasing awareness. living resources for families before undertaking activities that require additional funding. At one point, Wall said, the program could ask for more funding, but that question could run into problems, because Congress has struggled to reach an agreement for standard COVID weapons by such as maintenance, experiments, and samples.
Not only has the Biden administration been slow in comparing the prevalence of orphans over the next generation. In recent months there have been some political movements in other parts of the country. Representatives Bonnie Watson Coleman of New Jersey and Haley Stevens of Michigan, both Democrats, issued a resolution in March to “increase awareness” of the impact of COVID on poor children, but more much less than calling for weapons. At the state level, it’s the motivations, not the rules. California State Senator Nancy Skinner introduced a bill to set trust funds of $ 4,000 to $ 8,000 for each of the state’s more than 20,000 orphans. He is working through the legislature, and a spokesman for the senator said he saw no opposition. At the local level, some counties are moving forward on their own. Santa Clara County, California, has allocated $ 30 million in federal grants, which will be used to identify and support missing children to COVID caregivers (details of the program have not been released). .
This effort is better than nothing, but without a strong local government plan, tens of thousands of children could fall into the abyss. Ironically, the U.S. has the know-how to integrate that strategy. During the HIV epidemic, the U.S. helped set the stage for an interesting response to the rights of orphans around the world. The President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief, founded in 2003, earmarks 10 packs its annual budget is $ 7 billion for orphans. “If we want to keep the kids at home, we can do that,” Kidman said. “There is knowledge if there is will.”
What America needs to do now, Kidman said, is provide assistance – financially and emotionally – to orphans and their families. Experts say they are promoting mental health services for children, but the advice is not enough. And if yesterday’s memo was any insight, the House has no plan for the independent mental health problems of orphanhood, and can only end the registration of mental health services as a retirement program. Regular loans can reduce trauma symptoms and anxiety among orphans and increase school completion by 22 percent. The White House’s decision to reimburse funeral costs may not have the same effect. The cost of the funeral is falling into the bucket. These families need ongoing financial support, “said Joyal Mulheron, founder of Evermore, a nonprofit fundraiser. One way to promise is to have” cash plus care “programs, which guarantee families with regular investment combined with activities to help improve parenting skills.
That said, there may have been some money – not spent. Sick children are eligible for Social Security benefits, but the best data shows that less than half of all orphans have access to the financial resources provided for them. The Biden administration tries to connect children with available benefits, but Wall gives little details about how to accomplish that. Popular legislation such as increasing the child tax rate, which slightly reduced poverty, could be life -saving for low -income children orphaned by COVID – but Congress has approved the increase in short -term profit that ended at the end of last year.
Addressing an adult child problem may not be as quick as making a vaccine. But time is of the essence. A young boy who lost his father in March 2020 is preparing to attend kindergarten this fall. A young-tall boy who lost his mother is now two in high school learning to drive. Children change with the speed of breathing, and some experts I spoke to told me that first steps are important to reduce trauma and improve overall health. “If we miss this important moment with the kids, then they will take this burden,” Kidman said. “We can’t go back in five years and reduce their pain. This has to be done now.”
At each stage of illness, there is the expectation that some of the trauma will lead to lasting change. The country will realize that our health care system is not nearly as good. That sick leave should keep the sick out of the workplace and protect the most vulnerable members of the community. It took a long time for the air in the land to improve.
But with the onset of the pandemic in its third year, the United States was clearly determined to change. Yes, we are in a lull of case numbers and deaths. But the fact that more people are not dying at the same time as the peak of the disease does not mean that the problem is over for 200,000 children who are organized in any of the unthinkable ways. “Pretending that these kids can go back to normal is wrong,” Kidman said. “It’s not normal for them to return.”