Losing sleep due to illness? The ease of operation can be beneficial for the health of night owls

Many so -called night people believe that when it comes to the community’s expectations about when the working day will begin, they pull the grass short.

Research shows that “night owls” are scheduled to fall asleep later, but 9-to-5 routines require them to fight their physiology and wake up in the morning. Research has also shown that regular schedules leave them with health and physical problems.

“Night owls are harder to work with in the world because they don’t fit into a regular routine,” says Kelly Baron, a professor at the University of Utah who studies sleep health and treating patients with insomnia. She found that poor sleep was a driver of layoffs and spent sick days. “We will get better jobs for our employees if they are allowed to work their best hours.”

Her research found that keeping up late at night could make good night owls more susceptible to unhealthy behaviors such as eating fast food, not exercising, and less socializing. Ana.

But covid-19 disease, which has required many people to telework, has allowed for simplicity in the process, prompting sleep scientists to rethink ideas about sleep. sleep and how to evaluate patients.

The disease “is a global experiment to understand how sleep changes when working hours and workplaces change,” Baron said.

Researchers in Italy are among those who push this question. In a new study, they found that many Italians did not fit into the world’s traditional diet and were in better health when remote medical conditions allowed them to work. hours later.

Federico Salfi, a medical student at the University of L’Aquila and a self -employed night owl, joined colleagues at the end of 2020 to look at how working from home makes it easier to sleep. in Italy. Through social media, they found 875 people locked up in the office as well as remote workers. They then used online questionnaires to determine the effect of distance work on sleep health. Findings: Home -based illness helped participants better manage their work and sleep patterns – most of them for the first time.

More specifically, the researchers found evidence that people slept longer and were better in the evening when working from home, with reduced symptoms of depression and insomnia.

They also pointed to an important issue related to the other subjects – those who fell into the dark hill always slept rather than on the sidewalks. In his podcast, Matthew Walker, professor of neuroscience and psychology at the University of California-Berkeley and author of “Why We Sleep,” said the difference is 6.6 hours at night rather than 7 hours at night, leading to night owls. to collect the debt forever. (The course is available as a preprint and has not been reviewed by peers.)

So why don’t those people go to bed first? The answer is difficult.

In order to sleep, biochemical processes must be performed to begin the process, and that time is determined by the person’s chronotype. The chronotype is an internal “body clock” that determines when people are awake or tired in a 24-hour period. The circles are arranged, with half of the people falling in the middle – that is, they don’t wake up in the morning or sleep at midnight – and the others are divided equally as follows: morning larks and night owls.

In prehistoric times, a combination of different dreams was used as an evolutionary principle. The evening types watch for the morning types while sleeping, that is. The current nation is paying people to wake up while mocking those who smoke midnight oil, said Brant Hasler, a professor at the University of Pittsburgh and part of the Center for Sleep and Circadian Science. “We’re keeping a portion of our population at the expense of someone else.”

Walker described the unique health consequences in his podcast. More nocturnal species than early birds develop high altitude, which can lead to stroke or heart attack, and are 1.6 times more likely to develop type 2 diabetes. because sleep is related to blood pressure regulation. Two to three times it is diagnosed with depression and two times it uses antidepressants.

A study published in February also found that those who slept a lot during illness had better mental health compared to morning larks.

Walker and Hasler did not participate in Italian research.

However, some experts have noted that the Italian study has its limitations.

“I can’t see clearly what was included in the study: Were people still in those timelines? [Or did they change after the pandemic?] Because it’s so important, “said Stijn Massar, a senior fellow researcher at the National University of Singapore. In addition, although covid is a major threat to many aspects of life, the data can be compromised. sleep during illness due to many changes in the mood of the patients.

In addition, sleep scientists are wondering if it is a permanent cure for someone’s sleep with their chronotype.

It’s a question of how to set up individual appointments. But “sleep is one of the biggest mysteries of life,” Massar said. “This is surprising,” with each new research providing insights into the big picture.

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