Efforts to reduce the harmful effects of fracking are divided on two sides – those that focus on the protection of the environment and wildlife, and those that focus on environmental protection. protection of man and beast.
But that is not necessary. In a speech on March 30 at Bioscience, Three health professionals, ecologists and environmental scientists advocate the use of a holistic approach when evaluating the impact of gas and oil production such as fracking . They also create a framework for the future transdisciplinary community and decision -making, where they speak to lead effective and comprehensive solutions to protect humans, animals and the environment.
“Researchers and policymakers look at only one domain, when they are really relevant,” said Nicole Deziel, Ph.D., lead author of the paper and doctor of epidemiology ( health -related sciences), engineering and engineering and the environment. Yale University. “This paper provides initiatives to promote oil and gas transfer practices and their impact in a holistic, interdisciplinary manner.”
Liba Pejchar, Ph.D., a professor in the Department of Fish, Wildlife and Conservation Biology at Colorado State University and senior author of the study joins Deziel on the paper; and Bhavna Shamasunder, Ph.D., associate professor, director of the Department of Urban and Environmental Policy and co -chair of the Department of Public Health at Occidental College.
The interdisciplinary collaboration on the paper, entitled “Synergies and trade-offs in reduced impacts of unconventional oil and gas development on wild and human health,” was conducted during a related study. to the social consequences of the oil and gas development that Deziel went through a few years ago. He is surprised by Pejchar and Shamasunder’s performances and discusses the crossovers in their scenes during a long drive to a fracking fountain. That meeting, Deziel said, highlighted the value of conferences involving delegates from all walks of life, one of the paper’s recommendations.
Hydraulic breaking, commonly known as fracking, is a method of extracting gas and oil from shale rock. The process involves putting water, sand and chemicals into the soil at high pressure, allowing the gas and oil to flow into the well and then be collected for use. the market.
Widely used in the US, fracking has led to concerns about its impact on the environment and human health. The process creates a lot of wastewater, releases green gases such as methane, releases toxic air pollutants and creates noise. Studies have shown that these gas and oil activities can lead to the loss of animal and plant habitats, declining species, displacement and landslides. They are also associated with human health problems. Studies have shown links between living close to these activities and increased risk of pregnancy, chronic kidney disease, hospitalizations and asthma. There are some practices related to fracking in close proximity to low -income communities, increasing their cumulative burden of environmental and social inequality.
In their paper, the authors describe the nature of past, but well -thought -out, safety practices that sometimes require some interest (the environment and wildlife for example). at the expense of one (humans and domestic animals) and the latter. Deziel used setbacks and buffers as an example. Setbacks hopes to protect human health by banning oil and gas drilling in the distance from homes, schools and other communities. However, this pathway can enter animal habitats, shifting the threat from humans to animals and the natural world. Buffers do the same, but with the goal of protecting wildlife and sensitive environmental areas. In contrast, the tightening of the entire spin would protect both humans and animals.
“The solutions aren’t said to be in the form of a combination,” said Deziel, who is a former associate with the Yale School of Public Health. “Protecting vulnerable populations is important when we work on solutions, and we need to consider the impact on the ecosystem and the ecosystem for their own benefit.”
The authors hope that scientists and professionals will create an integrated approach to health and care needs and focus more on the areas and populations reported. Otherwise, history is marginalized or unknown. They offer the One Health initiatives as an example of how many partnerships can work together. One Health is a collaborative, multisectoral and transdisciplinary concept primarily used to treat chronic diseases and document human health outcomes while recognizing the relationships between people, animals, and substances. plants and their surrounding environment.
Deziel said he hopes the paper – and its recommendations – will inspire future participation in the fields of ecology, social sciences and public health, and encourage in making informed decisions based on feedback from relevant individuals and organizations.
Acids are found in fracking water and wastewater, studies show
Nicole C Deziel et al, Synergies and Trade-Offs in reducing the effects of unsustainable oil and gas production on wildlife and human health, BioScience (2022). DOI: 10.1093 / biosci / biac014
Presented by Yale School of Public Health
Directions: Incorporation should reduce fracking while protecting people and the environment, says research (2022, March 30) retrieved on March 30, 2022 from https://phys.org/news/ 2022-03-effort-mitigate-fracking-humans- environment.html
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