Innovation in parts and areas is moving in difficult paths, studies show

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Knowledge creation – the creation of new ideas and patents – is a key driver of economic growth. Understanding the movement of knowledge across industry sectors and areas that can understand research and development (R&D) activities, strengthen the university-industry relationship for innovation, and impact on the location decisions of private businesses. A new study from the University of Illinois in collaboration with the University of Stockholm and the Korea Labor Institute will provide a closer look at the flow of knowledge across five industry sectors across the United States.

“Our business offers a patent -pending culinary experience, with a list of foods that vary by industry,” said Sandy Dallʻerba, a consultant in the Department of Agriculture and Consumer Economics. (ACE) and director. of the Center for Climate, Regional, Environmental and Trade Economics (CREATE) in U of I. Dallʻerba is a co -author on the research.

“Some sectors rely heavily on local input sources, such as the university’s location, as well as remote resources, such as investment in R&D by another private company. Miles apart. when virtual meetings were increasingly turned into face-to-face meetings, ”Dall’erba said.

“Furthermore, our research focus on the amount of innovation in an area related to R&D in the same or other areas.

Traditionally, geography has been considered important for the flow of information. Groups such as the Silicon Valley high-tech industry or the Detroit automotive industry practice face-to-face communication and the anonymous network industry. Economists now realize that innovations can be shared over greater distances, but most research has looked at aggregate outcomes rather than specific and business models.

“We want to see the importance of the map for ways of building knowledge in specific fields. We also want to see the flow of knowledge in different fields. Lastly, we’re looking at spillovers from private research projects and universities, ”he said. says lead author Orsa Kekezi, a student at the Swedish Institute for Social Research at Stockholm University. Kekezi began doing this research while he was a visiting student in Illinois.

The researchers looked at the transfer of information across 853 metropolitan U.S. counties in five industrial sectors: chemistry, pharmaceuticals and pharmaceuticals, mechanical, computer and communications, and electrical and electronic communications. .

The study uses patent applications as an option to establish knowledge, looking at the flow from where patents are made to where they are said (based on data from U.S. Patent and Trade Office). This recognizes the direction of innovation and recognizes the role of outsiders in the transmission of information.

The main features of the recording are the information in the country and between the regions, as well as the intraregional flows, defined as local (within the county), short distance ( neighborhoods within a 50-mile radius), and the rest of the US. (less than 50 miles). The researchers also looked at the advent of college and personal research and development, as well as other factors, such as the number of undergraduate and technical degree holders. in a county.

“In general, local land is important for all districts. The nature of the business on the land, the number of jobs, if it’s a university – these things are necessary for innovation.

But the details are different across the piece and give a complex picture of the relationships. There’s no single way to develop patents, and if you look at standard results, you’ll forget about complicated details and features in pieces and pieces.

“While university research is important for all sectors, there is a lot of heterogeneity here,” said Dongwoo Kang, the research author, a research fellow at the Korea Labor Institute, South Korea. “For example, it’s more important for the chemical and pharmaceutical industries and the healthcare industries; those areas really benefit from basic research.

“Colleges provide critical research that the chemistry industry needs to do. Unlike the mechanical or electrical fields, the chemistry industry relies more on educators to study following the basics, “he added.

There is very little melting between the earth and the chemical industry, so face -to -face contact is important. On the other hand, for medicine and the medical industry, local and long -distance regions are important, so land relations are not necessary. And for the electric and electric industry, smelting is an important responsibility in the short term.

Research information can help businesses decide where to find their homes.

“The idea that an organization is close to a university, or where research and development is taking place, is true.

“The main thing taken from the paper is that we don’t just have to look at local flows.” New ideas don’t come by looking at what’s been done on someone else’s site, but by looking at About the big picture and how to combine different perspectives to create something new. “

The development of COVID-19 compounds is an example, Kang added.

“The United States has spent a lot of money on research and development to encourage innovation in the production of the first COVID-19 vaccines. This is done through a central team that will be the basis for the Our knowledge shows that not only local production, but research and development in other areas is important for the production of grains. New COVID-19, “he said.

The information can help improve the development of new local and government policies.

“We need to move from a way where everything is driven by the same machines and instead of having a better understanding of what to actually do for another industry or what to do for another. Other industries. Governments are trying to promote innovation, they need to define a strategy that works for a specific industry and a specific location, “Dall’erba said.


Recent research has identified the critical components of the global supply chain


More information:
Orsa Kekezi et al, The role of knowledge between regions and sub -regions in the formation of local knowledge in U.S. metropolitan counties, Spatial Value Data (2022). DOI: 10.1080 / 17421772.2022.2045344

Presented by the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Directions: Innovation runs in regions and districts in complex ways, study report (2022, April 4) retrieved April 4, 2022 from https://phys.org/news/2022-04-regions- sectors-complex-ways.html

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