How was agriculture in southeastern China in the Late Neolithic?

What was the nature of agriculture in southeastern China in the Late Neolithic

A 3D model of the giant yeast plant can be found on the Jingshuidun website. (a) Layer 25, Chenopodiaceae caryopsis; (b) Layer 27, Solanaceae caryopsis; (c) Layer 27, caryopsis laiki; (d) Layer 32, Fabaceae caryopsis; (e) 1–4: Layer 25, 5: Layer 26, foxtail millet caryopsis. Available: Higher Education Press

The emergence and spread of agriculture in the Neolithic had a revolutionary effect on the growth of human society, and provided a solid source of wealth for the origin and development of human society. In southern China, rice is the main crop, but over time, millet cultivation has slowed. Troubled by these types of environmental and social development, there are many problems with the spatiotemporal details of agricultural development in southern Anhui, China, with most of the data. derived from historical documents and small archaeological evidence.

A study looked at data on archeo-botanical remains at the Jingshuidun site in the mountainous areas of the lower Yangtze River in southern Anhui. This work was carried out by Wu Yan’s research team, from the Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, entitled “The history of agriculture in the mountain ranges of the Yangtze River from the late Neolithic.” Published online at The limits of Earth science.

The Jingshuidun training ground (31 ° 48 ′ 3 ′ ′ N, 117 ° 11 ′ 50 ′ ′ E), located in the center of the lower reaches of the Yangtze River and the mountain ranges in southern Anhui, protects in thick archaeological areas. a few superpositional relationships of multiple work periods, allowing the study of cultural and archeo-botany levels.

The authors found macro-botanical residues and phytoliths of domesticated rice found in layers on the Jingshuidun site, recorded at 4874-4820 cal. year BP (Middle Liangzhu Period) and 2667–2568 cal. year BP (late Western Zhou Dynasty to Spring and Autumn). In addition, macro-botanical remains and phytoliths from the site to the early remains of foxtail millet (Setaria italica) in southern Anhui Province, from the plate about the late Western Zhou dynasty and the early Spring and and Autumn Period (2667–2568 cal. years BP). These results show that the people living in the Jingshuidun area use a single rice farm up to 4874–4820 cal. year BP, and they began to plant millet at a minimum of 2667–2568 cal. year BP, documenting the spread of millet farming in the south at that time.

The study also showed that many pieces of carbonized millet in layers were rated at 2667–2568 cal. year BP on the Jingshuidun site, which is the millet block in southern Anhui. Evidence of macro-botanical remains at the Jingshuidun site shows the spread of dry farming techniques from northern China to southern Anhui at 2667–2568 cal. year BP, and rice and millet cultivation grew. Probably because of the movement of the ancients and the change of the climate.

The results of this study on macro-botanical remains and phytoliths are the basis for the reconstruction of the living economy of the ancient people at the Jingshuidun site from the late Neolithic to antiquity. . The study provides a simple picture of the development of rice and millet farming in the southern part of Anhui Province, and the spread of millet farming, when its days are combined with archeo-botanical activity. before. It provides new insights for further understanding the development of agriculture and the transmission route of millet in southern Anhui since the late Neolithic period.

The first rice crop was found in Central Asia

More information:
Jingyi Wang et al, The history of agriculture in the lowlands of the Yangtze River from the late Neolithic period, The limits of Earth science (2022). DOI: 10.1007 / s11707-021-0956-z

Presented by Higher Education Press

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