In April 2017, a man drove a stolen car in a public shopping mall in central Stockholm and crashed into a store, killing four people and injuring 15 others.
The terror attack prompted the Swedish government to research how digital technology could be used to prevent these kinds of events in the future. He began a four -year research project to test one technique, geofencing, in urban areas.
Geofencing is a smart device where the software uses GPS or similar technology to initiate a pre -arranged or real -time task on vehicles to control their movement in an area. Land. It can adjust the speed of the car in the car, determine if the car is there and automatically convert hybrid cars to electric drive mode.
Johannes Berg, senior consultant for digitalization at the Swedish Transport Administration, said the technology could improve vehicle safety and lower traffic standards. It has the ability to change speed depending on the route and weather conditions, and to ensure compliance with rules, such as stopping a car if the driver does not allow it. enter a geofenced area, his place.
In simple use – such as when a map with restrictions is handed to a car before a journey begins to reduce speed when entering a low -lying area – it does not. the cars had to be connected to an external source, Mr. Berg’s place.
But in more sophisticated applications – real -time use, for example – cars need to be connected. There are rules and regulations in the technology world and can be changed depending on the actual condition of the cars, he said. “The service can and does access the car’s engine using the car’s telematics connection.”
Sweden, which began a series of geofencing trials in 2019, has long been a innovator in automotive safety. In 1990, he introduced Vision Zero, a way to safely think about human crime. The goal is to eliminate all deaths and serious injuries by creating multiple layers of protection; if one falls, the other builds a safety net.
Sweden has some of the lowest death rates in the world, and many cities around the world have followed suit. Earlier this year, the U.S. Department of Transportation implemented a plan to address a significant rise in deaths in the United States.
In Stockholm, geofencing systems have focused on commercial vehicles in the city center, evaluating what is likely to be offered to businesses at low speeds at night during normal hours. the small number of people.
“Switching to an electric car, combined with a low speed, can make the car’s noises at night,” said Mr. Berg’s place. “Increasing the night shift can reduce the rush of daylight hours and make the car run around the clock,” he said. of a place.
In another experiment, sensors were added to the pavements to monitor the flow of pedestrians, which could lead to a faster reduction in traffic jams. “Cars are really slowing down their speed,” he said. Berg’s place.
Gothenburg led the trial of geofencing in public transport. Since 2015, the city, in partnership with ElectriCity, a local independent company, as well as the Volvo Group, has been evaluating the technology on both highways. The review focused on work areas such as shopping streets and clubs. The city can manage geofenced areas based on real -time conditions, with motorists having access to information about changes.
During the investigation, it was concluded that the vehicles were running at high speed and fuel efficiency in the form of electric vehicles in the designated areas.
“We see geofencing as a tool to create a safer city with better air quality and low humidity,” said Malin Stoldt, project manager for Gothenburg’s Urban Transport Administration.
Other safety initiatives that are ongoing include improving traffic safety around schools and establishing parking lots in the city to prevent traffic jams. Geofence technology was first used to start public transport in complex traditions for everyday vehicles in Gothenburg.
Geofencing can provide areas of the city that are widely used, Ms. Stoldt said. “Locations can be modified and used for a variety of purposes depending on the time of day or season.”
The trials were well received, Ms. Stoldt said. Instead of a single bus line planning to incorporate the technology. Developers have agreed to geofencing, he said, not only for safety reasons “but for the wear of the vehicles.”
Rodrigue Al Fahel, program director for Sweden’s national geofencing program, said geofencing technology has been developed for some time and is being used to direct messages to cell phones about the location of the phone. ; control of merchant ships; set the high speeds and driving speeds of e-scooters; and strengthen some advanced transportation assistance systems, such as intelligent emergency assistance (ISA), to be required for all new vehicles in the European Union starting in July.
Sweden is one of the strongest countries experimenting with geofencing for natural navigation, Mr. Al Fahel said, acknowledging it was “a great company.”
However, collecting, comparing and quantifying the data at scale required to achieve significant geofencing is difficult. First, developers need to create a way that traffic rules can be read and set to communication standards. “This is something that has not been developed,” he said. Al Fahel said.
However, the partnership has been developed in Europe through projects such as GeoSence and NordicWay to help make progress.
A recent market review and a more recent report on geofencing’s widespread use have been completed. “It’s a tool for cities,” he said. Al Fahel said. “You can design the city in a different way.”
“We’re trying to look at the potential and the impact it will have on the car and the automotive system. It’s not just about technology development,” he said. Al Fahel said, however, it is about establishing a system that works and is accepted by all.
The navigation program, in its final year, has given promising results that the Swedish government is considering legislation that would change traffic and other regulations that would allow municipalities to use geofencing for driving, said Mr. Berg, of the Swedish Tourism Department.
New uses of technology can bring personal problems. But one reason the Swedish program looked at business executives more than private individuals, Mr. Berg said, “we believe the car provided by the manufacturer is different,” to illustrate the ability of manufacturers to repair industrial computers.
However, one of the reasons why the European Union is considered the safest road system in the world, experts say, is that member states have promoted social responsibility, including personal rights.
“We know that this technology can’t withstand a bomb to stop threats, but if you can make smart technology and improve the transportation system, then you can really make it happen. a sustainable transportation system, ”he said. Berg’s place. “It enhances everything.
“The top priority is safety and sustainability,” he said. “They went together.”