Eaten by the drought, Moroccan bees see the danger

For the people of England, the collapse of hives was an ecological and economic disaster - but also a problem for their diversity.

For British people, the collapse of hives was an ecological and economic disaster – but also a threat to their unique heritage.

The village of Inzerki in Morocco is proud to call it the oldest and largest cattle ranch in the world, but instead of shaking up in the spring, the colonies have collapsed amid the drought. dry.

Beekeeper Brahim Chatoui said he had lost about a third of his hives in just two months – not only that.

“At this time of year, this place is always shaking with disappearance,” Chatoui said, sighing under the hot sun of the spring. “Today, they’re dying at an alarming rate.”

The North African government has seen a sharp rise in the death of vital pollinators, something known as “colony collapse disorder”.

All over the world, experts say that the high mortality rate is often related to the destruction of the species and the extensive use of pesticides.

But officials in Morocco say these falls are due to the worst drought that has plagued the country in 40 years, which has wiped out crops that have been relied upon by the drought.

‘Never had before’ spike

The crisis is so serious that the government has released 130 million dirhams ($ 13 million), to support cattle farmers and investigate the cause of the loss of cattle.

The National Food Safety Office of Morocco, which carried out the investigation, ruled the disease was the cause.

Instead, he complained of an “unseen” spike in the hive falling during a severe drought led by climate change.

Beekepers go to the Inzerki fireplace;  According to experts, it was the oldest cattle in the world, but today

Beekepers go to the Inzerki fireplace; Experts say it was the oldest cattle ranch in the world, but today it is threatened by climate change.

Inzerki lives on a hill in the Arganeraie Biosphere Reserve, a 2.5 million hectare UNESCO protected area, about 415 kilometers (260 miles) southwest of the capital Rabat.

The difficulty is astonishing: A five -story house of trees and dry rubble spreads along the side of the hill, each room returning to a cylindrical hive, covered with a group of the dirt and the cow dung.

According to experts, it was the oldest cattle ranch in the world, dating back to 1850, but today it is threatened by climate change.

“This year we are hoping for rain, because I have lost 40 hives so far,” Chataoui said.

Bee expert Antonin Adam, who has studied insects in southwestern Morocco, also complained about the drought.

But he added that the problem was exacerbated by “the problem of loss of diseases, nomadic pastoral practices, intensive agriculture and the country’s desire to increase its honey production”.

That desire is evident in the statistics of the agricultural industry.

Bees in Inzerki in Morocco: group cattle live on a hill in the heart of the Arganeraie Biosphere Reserve

Bees in Inzerki in Morocco: group cattle live on a hill in the heart of the Arganeraie Biosphere Reserve.

Honey production has increased by 69 percent in one year, from 4.7 tonnes in 2009 to almost eight tonnes in 2019, earning revenues of more than 100 million euros.

But Inzerki apiary is not the only problem.

Mohamed Choudani, of the UAM beekeepers union, said the problem was affecting bee populations around the country.

Last summer, Morocco’s 36,000 beekeepers maintained about 910,000 hives, up 60 percent from 2009, according to official figures.

But Choudani said that since last August, 100,000 colonies had been lost in the central Beni Mellal-Khenifra area alone.

Bees and other pollinators are essential for the reproduction of more than three -quarters of food and flowering plants.

The UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) has said it “plays an important role … in keeping people and the world healthy”, adding that the UN “serves as a watchdog.” for future natural disasters, which will signal the health of local ecosystems ”.

The villagers formed a group to restore the house, and plant plants for the bees to get better.

The villagers formed a group to restore the house, and plant plants for the bees that would better withstand the hot and dry conditions.

An independent heritage

For British people, the collapse of hives was an ecological and economic disaster – but also a threat to their unique heritage.

Cattle keeper Chatoui said many Inzerki residents could not rededicate the lost hives.

“Some families have decided to completely abandon cattle ranching,” he said.

Hives are in trouble in Inzerki. There are fewer parts of the building, which are considered a national heritage site.

Geographer Hassan Benalayat said the neglect was due to many factors related to climate change, including the arrival of modern farmers and a large expedition from the countryside. .

About 80 families in the village cared for the bee. Today it is under 20.

“It’s important to preserve this special heritage,” Benalayat said.

Chatoui and other residents formed a group to restore the house, and plant plants for the bees that would better tolerate hot and dry conditions.

A cattle ranch is built at the Inzerki Apiary: a house with five floors of trees and dry soil spread over a hill.

A lost guard is made at the Inzerki Apiary: a house with five floors of trees and dry soil spread over a hill.

“The situation is serious, but it doesn’t mean I’m going to leave,” Chatoui said.

“The goal is not to get the honey out, but to protect the hives and keep them growing until better days.”


Beekeepers use watchdogs to protect precious hives


© 2022 AFP

Directions: Drought-stricken, Moroccan bees witness disaster (2022, April 3) Retrieved 3 April 2022 from https://phys.org/news/2022-04-stung-drought- morocco-bees-disaster.html

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