Nearly all living things on Earth communicate with each other in some way, from nods and dances and cries and sounds of animals, through sophisticated chemical signals. Not produced by plant leaves and roots. But what about the other? Are the haloes as lifeless as they seem – or is there something happier under the skin?
New research by computer scientist Andrew Adamatzky at the Unconventional Computing Laboratory at the University of the West of England, shows that this ancient government was an electronic “language” of its own – more complex than you might think. another. According to the study, fungi may use “words” to create “words” to communicate with neighbors.
Almost all communication in and between multi-cellular animals involves specialized cells called nerves (or neurons). These messages are sent from one part of the body to another through a network called the nervous system. The “language” of the pigeon system contains unique features of spikes of electrical power (not known as impulses), which help living things see and respond quickly to what is happening. in their environment.
While there is no fear system, games are known to transmit information using electrical signals through filaments such as a cord called a hyphae. The filaments form a thin cell called a mycelium that attaches fungal colonies into the soil. These nets are very similar to animal management systems. By measuring the frequency and intensity of emotions, it is possible to decipher and understand the words used to communicate within and between living beings in realms of life.
Using small electrodes, Adamatzky recorded the rhythmic electrical impulses that were transmitted between the mycelium of four play types.
He found that impulses vary in amplitude, frequency and length. By drawing mathematical comparisons between the features of these concepts and those common to human language, Adamatzky hopes that they will establish the basis of a fun language with up to 50 words arranged. Written into words. The severity of the terms used by different types of gill is different, including gill split (Kauna of Schizophyllum) using the most complex word of the subjects tested.
This increases the ability of fungi to have their own electronic communication to share detailed information about food and other resources in the vicinity, or the root causes of the damage and disease. misfortune, between them or with distant allies.
Underground communication systems
This is not the first sign of fungal mycelia transmitting the information.
Mycorrhizal fungi – which cannot be seen as a rope attached to plant roots – have many nets in the soil that attach to adjoining plants. Through these compounds, plants often receive nutrients and moisture provided by nutrients from the smallest pores in the soil. This greatly increases the area where the plants can get food and increases their resistance to drought. In return, the plant converts sugars and fatty acids into fatty acids, which is a double benefit from the combination.
Experiments using plants that have been exposed to mycorrhizal fungi have shown that when a plant is injected into the system by insects, it also enhances the immune responses of nearby plants. . It seems that the signals are sent through a fungal network.
Other research has shown that plants can transmit better information than these fungal compounds. In some studies, it has been shown that plants, including trees, can transmit carbon dioxide in the same way as sugar cane to their neighbors. These carbon transfers from one plant to another through fungal mycelia can be of great help in supporting plants in their formation. This is the case when those plants are overgrown by other plants and their ability to photosynthesize and process carbon on their own is limited.
The manner in which these signals are sent under the earth is controversial. Fungal infections can carry chemical signals from one plant to another in the hyphae themselves, similar to the way electrical signals are carried shown in new research. However, the signals can also be dissolved in a film of water that is trapped and moved through the cell by the skin’s surface. Alternatively, it can infect other microorganisms. Bacteria in and around the fungal hyphae can change the shape of their communities or act in response to changes in the root or fungal chemicals and stimulate a response to invaders and agents. nearby plants.
New research showing that the transmission of electrical signals as expressed in the fungal hyphae provides new clues about the transmission of signals by the fungal mycelium.
Iron for controversy?
While the transfer of electricity to fungal mycelia is a pleasant idea, there are other ways to look for new information.
The nature of the fungal infection is similar to the passage of nutrients in the fungal hyphae, and therefore reflects processes in fungal cells that are not related to communication. The fact that the fungus grows in the rhythmic clusters of food and electricity can be seen as the body searches for its environment for food.
Of course, the electrical signals did not reflect the conversation in any way. However, the charged hyphal instructions going to the electrode can trigger spikes in the action observed in the study.
More research is needed before we can speak without understanding the nature of the electronic concepts presented in this study. What we can bring from the research is that electric spikes are a new technique for transmitting information among fungal mycelia, with important implications for our understanding of responsibility and the importance of fungi in ecosystems.
These results may indicate early signs of fungal infection, even if the diagnosis is made. It is a very large “possibility,” but according to the related definitions, the possibility remains, even though it is manifested in time scales, frequencies and heights not known to man.
Understanding the original language of others
Andrew Adamatzky, the voice of the players who got their lightning spiking performance, said. Royal Society Open Science (2022). DOI: 10.1098 / rsos.211926
Presented by The Conversation
This article is republished under The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.
Directions: Do haloes really use language to communicate with each other? Research by a fungi expert (2022, April 15) retrieved on 16 April 2022 from https://phys.org/news/2022-04-mushrooms-language-fungi-expert.html
This document is copyrighted. Except for appropriate action for the purpose of personal inquiry or research, no piece may be reproduced without permission. Information is provided for informational purposes only.