Disbelief in human transformation is related to belief and superstition

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Disbelief in human change is associated with high levels of prejudice, racism and advocacy against racism against blacks, immigrants and the LGBTQ community in the US, according to a study by the University of Massachusetts Amherst published in Newspaper for humanity and social thinking.

Similarly, all over the world – in 19 Eastern European countries, 25 Muslim countries and Israel – humility is associated with the evolution of high ideals within a person’s society, contempt for human beings. people in different groups and with little support for conflict resolution.

The findings support the hypothesis of lead author Stylianos Syropoulos, a Ph.D. candidate in the War and Peace Lab of senior author Bernhard Leidner, associate professor of social science. They met with former author Uri Lifshin at Reichman University in Israel and co -authors Jeff Greenberg and Dylan Horner at the University of Arizona in Tucson. Researchers believe that belief in evolution increases people’s perceptions of humanity as a whole, based on the same culture, and leads to fewer forms of prejudice.

“People who see themselves as kind of like animals are also more likely to be pro-social or positive about their external or internal organs. people from stigmatized and marginalized backgrounds, ”explains Syropoulos. “In this study, we were interested to see if belief in evolution works in the same way, because it reinforces this belief that we are like animals.”

In eight studies covering different parts of the world, researchers analyzed data from the American General Social Survey (GSS), the Pew Research Center and three online analysts. In testing their hypothesis about groups of different levels of belief in evolution, they counted on education, political thought, religion, cultural knowledge and scientific knowledge.

“We’ve had the same results every time, which is that belief in evolution is about a little bit of faith, regardless of the group you belong to, and control. to all these different explanations, ”Syropoulos said.

For example, religious beliefs, such as political thought, have been measured separately from a belief or atheism in evolution, the researchers found. “Because some people think of religion as an important part of their lives, belief in evolution involves a little bit of faith from faith, or lack thereof, to God or any other religion,” he said. and Syropoulos.

Leidner adds, “It seems that this effect and this kind of thing exists in major political systems.

The researchers note that Darwin’s theory of evolution in the 19th century was said to address racism, prejudice and homophobia, in the passage of the term, “survival of the fittest,” used to describe the process of natural selection.

“There are thought -provoking stories that predict the difference of what we have, so we’re happy to show that that’s not the case, that the side is true and that belief in evolution seems to have the best results. , ”Leidner said.

Research in the U.S. on data from 1993, 1994, 2000, 2006, 2008, 2010, 2012, 2014, 2016 and 2018 – the years the GSS surveyed Americans about their beliefs in evolution, and measurements of nature in relation to the alien. , affirmative action, LGBTQ people and other social groups.

The statistical data accurately showed that “disbelief in human development is the driving force behind and the perpetual prediction of cognitive thinking in the comparison of appropriate constructs,” the paper said.

In Israeli education, there are more and more people with a high belief in evolution who support peace between Palestinians, Arabs and Jews. In learning about countries in the Islamic world, belief in evolution is associated with a lack of faith among Christians and Jews. And in a study conducted in Eastern Europe, where Orthodox Christians predominate, belief in evolution was associated with less faith in gypsies, Jews and Muslims.

Syropoulos believes that belief in evolution can increase the “right circle” of human beings, leading to the idea that “we have more in common than in differences.”

The findings also show that “studying evolution as side effects can make a society better or better,” Leidner said.

The next task, the researchers say, is to research how evolution is taught in the classroom and work on developing models to teach and promote positive outcomes.


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More information:
Stylianos Syropoulos et al, Bigotry and man – animal segregation: (Dis) belief in human evolution and ideological attitudes in different cultures., Newspaper for humanity and social thinking (2022). DOI: 10.1037 / pspi0000391

Presented by the University of Massachusetts Amherst

Directions: Disbelief in Human Transformation to Prejudice and Racism (2022, April 4) captured on 4 April 2022 from https://phys.org/news/2022- 04-disbelief-human-evolution-linked-greater.html

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