Chinese pilots released from space, head for landing – Spaceflight Now

Astronauts Wang Yaping, Zhai Zhigang, and Ye Guangfu were on board the Chinese airport. Currency: CMSE

Three Chinese tourists were detained, put on their locker rooms, and were released from China’s airfield on Friday in preparation for returning to Earth after six months in orbit.

Commander Zhai Zhigang, astronaut Wang Yaping, and fellow crew members from Guangfu are embarking on an 182 -day mission, the longest flight by a Chinese company. They started in Oct. 15 on the Shenzhou 13 steamer, and was arrested with the Tianhe heavyweight module six and a half hours later.

After six months of conducting tests, spacewalks, and preparing the site for future expansion, the Shenzhou 13 team closes their tour on Friday, citing Exploring a parachute -assisted landing in the Gobi Desert of northwestern China.

The three astronauts floated in their Shenzhou 13 spacecraft and filled the crates with the Tianhe core module on Friday, then removed from the nadir of the base, or front of the earth, port at 12 : 44 pm EDT (1644 GMT) as the lab flew about 240 miles (380 kilometers) over Earth, according to the China Manned Space Agency.

The steamer is supposed to fire thrusters to move a safe distance from space, then release its orbital seat module, remaining in orbit until the aerodynamics pull it into place. lewa. The ship’s engineers will fire for a slow deorbit fire for re -entry, then Shenzhou’s propulsion module will go off, leaving the landing capsule to return the three astronauts to Earth.

The new entry capsule, protected by a heat shield, meets temperatures of thousands of degrees. After briefly building up the G forces, the plane will launch a large parachute to extend its descent for landing at Dongfeng landing site in Inner Mongolia of northwestern China.

Chinese officials have not announced an exact landing time, but it is expected to arrive soon after 9:30 pm EDT Friday (0130 GMT Saturday), or 9:30 am Beijing time.

The Dongfeng airport is near the Jiuquan launch site, where Shenzhou 13 exploded last October. The former Shenzhou missionary, who returned to Earth last September, became the first missionary to land with astronauts at the Dongfeng base. Chinese missionaries were sent to another part of Inner Mongolia called Siziwang Banner.

This image shows a motion picture of the Shenzhou 13 spacecraft taking off from China airport (above) and a view of Shenzhou 13 as seen from the airport after takeoff (below) . Yes: CMSE

During their stay at the Chinese airport, the Shenzhou 13 astronauts completed a series of experiments and made two flights.

Zhai and Wang completed the first missionary walking tour of Nov. 7. The astronauts prepared the 47-foot (14.5-meter) robotic arm of the spacecraft for service, attaching its two main components and inserting a launcher to help the arm move. to equipment around the outside of the factory.

Wang, who was a Chinese pilot before joining the Chinese astronaut corps, became the first Chinese woman to make a space voyage.

The mission’s second expedition was in Dec. The 26 was created by Ye and Zhai, who installed an outdoor panoramic camera and tested the routes for astronauts on incoming missionaries to move objects around outside the field.

It took two hours longer than six, and the astronauts wore Feitian clothes made in China.

The Shenzhou 13 astronauts also evaluated how they lived and worked in the Tianhe core module. They tested the site’s biological system, which is the technology to recycle urine, sweat, and water vapor into drinking water. The astronauts tried the wheelbarrow and the base wheel to keep the body healthy for their mission.

The astronauts also spoke to the Chinese public on science education and advocacy activities, and celebrated traditional events on the Chinese calendar, such as the Chinese New Year, or Spring Festival, and the Lantern Festival. . Wang, who is his second missionary in space, said astronauts enjoyed Chinese food on the scene, such as dumplings, zongzi, mooncakes, and tangyuan.

The Chinese responded to questions from American school children on April 9 at an event hosted by the Chinese Embassy in Washington. Wang said he was then waiting to return to Earth, seeing his 6 -year -old daughter running out in the evenings.

“We have conducted field experiments to study the dynamics of growth and development under unfavorable conditions and to investigate their mutations and mechanisms,” he said. Ye to US students.

Zhai Zhigang is a 55 -year -old senior in the People’s Liberation Army Strategic Support Force. Zhai was on his second flight. He became the first Chinese magician to perform a spacewalk in 2008.

You, 41, are finishing his first flight into space. Like his fellow sailors, he was a soldier in the Chinese army before he joined the country’s star army.

The Shenzhou 13 mission is the second group to live and work at the China airport, after 92 days of Shenzhou 12 missions last year. The Shenzhou 13 astronauts will almost double the endurance history of the Chinese spacecraft commissioned by Shenzhou 12.

The departure of the Shenzhou 13 team will leave the Chinese airport without delay until the long -awaited flight of astronauts begins in June. Shenzhou 14 will provide three new astronauts on the field for a six -month mission.

The first phase of China’s Tianhe airport was launched last April aboard a Long March 5 rocket. The Tianzhou 2 cargo ship was launched in May, followed by the launch of Shenzhou 12 in June, and the Tianzhou 3 supply chain in September.

The supply ship Tianzhou 2 was removed from the site last month and set on fire upon re -entry, as planned. China plans to start the Tianzhou 4 freight trip in May, then Shenzhou 14 will start shipping in June.

Later this year, China plans to introduce major Wentian and Mengtian modules to complete the first combination of the central nervous system.

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Follow Stephen Clark on Twitter: @ StephenClark1.

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