China is developing a group of robotic spacecraft that will land on the moon and join other countries in searching for water in the southern pole of the moon.
Chang’e 7 lunar mission It is planned to start around 2024 and is expected to month from the circle as it landed and searched for the southern pole of the moon.
“A big goal is to find water on the south side of the moon,” said Wu Weiren, chief developer of China’s lunar research program. reported China’s CCTV during the country’s annual political seasons in early March. “There are deep pits on the south pole, covering about 10 kilometers [6 miles]. If there is water, it can live in the form of ice due to the lack of sun throughout the year. ”
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Wu said engineers are building a special aircraft that can take off from an island and fly or fly to look for holes to look for traces of water. China Daily reported.
It’s a competition phone to Chinese schools to develop payments for Change 7 issued by the China National Space Administration’s (CNSA) Lunar Exploration and Space Engineering Center in 2020 which the mission is expected to have five aircraft: an orbiter, a satellite relay, a lander, a rover and a place. “mini flying saucer” which takes the instrument to see the water.
Ice water is expected to move around the southern lunar pole by 2018, and the hope of using that water to provide astronauts with firewood is a major factor in the plan. of NASA to establish its. Artemis Base Camp in the southern hemisphere moon.
Artemisa 1a mission that will soon be launched by the NASA monster Funeral system (SLS) rocket that recently released in Florida, carrying the Lunar Light, a follow -up to the size of the box, among his paychecks. The spacecraft will illuminate infrared lasers in holes that are permanently covered near the lunar poles as it orbits the moon to improve scientific understanding of the amount and reach of ice. water.
However, laying down on the south side of the moon would bring difficulties for China and its mission Chang’e 7, as well as knowing the exact landing and landing locations. Chang’e 7 needs a “high level of landing, because there aren’t a lot of flat lands in the south pole,” Wu told CCTV. “After our initial research, only one tenth of the land could be used as an island. So landing was very difficult.”
The missionary is not far from one place, with frequent visits and a strong base in the midst of China’s plans, building on a series of lunar missions over the past 15 years. The country approved three lunar planets in 2000: the first were Chang’e 1 and Chang’e 2 orbiters; then fixed and rovers with Changes 3 and Changes 4, with the latter to do the first landing on the far side of the moon in early 2019; then Chang’e 5, that is complete a complex recovery mission by the end of 2020.
The advent of these missionaries and the renewed global interest in the moon paved the way for a new circle of missionaries, with Change 7 part of a fourth generation of Chinese lunar missionaries.
“Change 7 is great for looking at lunar resources, such as water, the environment and the sky, topography and the terrain of the moon’s south pole,” Wu said.
Then there was Chang’e 6, originally planned in support of the Chang’e 5 mission try to collect samples from the left lunar pole and give them a Earth.
Change 8 will then test technologies such as the use of in-situ resources, oxygen surgeries and 3D printing on the moon. The technologies will need to be validated in preparation for a coming month.
“We hope to observe and research the viability of resources in the area, which will establish the basis for long -term employment in the future,” Wu said of Changʻe 8. “That’s why it’s important to use resources. The deadline for a missionary is said to be” before 2030. “
After this, China and Russia think established a robotic research facility, the International Lunar Research Station, which welcomes astronauts for long stays. The two countries have also invited international partners to join the program, with a strong interest in attracting people to Europe. However, with Russia’s invasion of Ukraineit is doubtful that they should do the same.
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