(CNN) – Traveling to Sicily without a delicious cannolo is like visiting Naples without a real pizza. Not heard of.
It’s impossible to avoid these delicious crispy cereals filled with fresh ricotta. The more you have one, the more you want the other.
Although cannolo (or cannoli) has its roots in other parts of the world, the only way to enjoy the real thing is to visit the island of Italy. There is no real change in other places, not the rest of Italy.
But what makes this fun meal, often topped with candied berries, chocolate or shredded pistachio slices, a topping?
Residents from the Sicilian city of Caltanissetta say there is a secret behind his seductions.
Cannolo, a loaf of fried bread stuffed with fresh ricotta, is one of Sicily’s most popular dishes.
Cathy Scola / Open Moment / Getty Images
Located in central Sicily, Caltanissetta is often referred to as the “birthplace” of cannolo. Here, the scepter is sometimes referred to as the “Rod of Moses” or “King’s Scepter,” after which it is considered erotic.
According to legend, the cannolo was first made by the concubines of an Arab emir to honor the femininity of their lord, and its phallic nature was not a disaster.
Enclosed within the red walls of Pietrarossa Castle, women are said to have set aside hours to share in delicious treats.
“The reason for this delicious cake is that it is filled with history and history but there are some real historians who demand that we support the father of it,” Roberto Gambino, mayor of Caltanissetta, told CNN .
“Caltanissetta was founded by the Arabs and there was probably a harem here where the emir was filled with women who made cannolo.”
The name ‘Caltanissetta’ comes from the Arabic ‘qal-at-nisa’, which translates to “city of women.”
Some Latin writers have described the existence of the “city of women,” known as “castro feminarum.”
‘City of women’
Many believe the Sicilian city of Caltanissetta is the birthplace of cannolo.
Simoncountry / Adobe Stock
According to professor and local researcher Rosanna Zaffuto, Caltanissetta was a planned time, and one of the largest Arab centers in Sicily.
One of the largest castles in Sicily, Pietrarossa Castle is thought to have been built in the 9th century as a military base.
Its location, overlooking the Salso River, allows winners to enter with their boats from the sea, Zaffuto said. The town of Caltanissetta will grow around the castle.
Today, Pietrarossa, which means “red stone” in Italian, is very dangerous with a church at its feet.
Located in a quiet area outside the city center overlooking clean schools with pasture sheep, he has fulfilled his temptation, feeding the cannolo story.
Sicily has been under Arab rule for hundreds of years, leaving a rich heritage, with culinary traditions and artistic dishes such as the famous pastry, that has become part of Sicilian culture.
While there are aspects of a “primeval” cannolo that date back to Roman antiquity, the food available today is of Arab origin.
One of the legends about the pastry said that the “women in the castle” came with the intention of filling the pot with ricotta in order to entertain their loved one. on his visit from Palermo in northern Sicily. Cannolo was considered a suitable meal that could be prepared immediately upon arrival.
His hollow shell was made by rolling the flour around the thick sugar cane that had been imported and cultivated and grown in the fields around him, making cookies in a lumpy shape with a crusty skin. Small and congested like small volcanoes.
Harem to church?
There are many stories about cannolo. According to some, it was originally used as food for an Arab emir.
Giuseppe Greco / Moment RF / Photographic Photographs
The hard “scorza,” or outer skin, that has remained for days, is filled with fresh lamb ricotta salt the last minute before being served – as it is in Sicily today. date – in order to maintain the hold. Cannolo beans are wrapped around steel pipes and fried in fat these days.
Another story shows that the cannolo moved from the harem to nearby churches built in later years, and became popular with local nuns.
Prepared by the nuns as a traditional pastry that could be served during the carnival, when the riots and Christianity reigned, the proper laws were re -arranged with pagan traditions.
Worshiping various objects and cakes was considered a way to celebrate fat and life.
“When the Arab Empire ended in 1086 with the rise of the Norman Empire, the Arabs living in qal-at-nisa were not expelled and did not flee.
“They were converted to Christianity and integrated into the community,” Zaffuto said, rather than speculating that the emir’s daughters or mistresses might have taken the emirates. oath of allegiance.
“The Arabs and their culture live in Caltanissetta, our dialect has many Arabic words such as‘ tabbutu ’which means‘ coffin ’and the name of our ancient community is‘ saccara ’. similar to the name of a ship in Cairo.
According to Lillo Defraia, a local pastry chef, who spent 25 years researching the origin of the cannolo, the “women in the castle” would later give their food to the nuns, who cared. to an ancient tradition of making pastries.
He believed that cannolo was born in Caltanissetta and that the salacious stories about his origin were more than history.
Kind of low taste
Lillo Defraia has spent 25 years researching the origin of cannolo.
Alessio Abate Carlo Bolzoni
One of the main reasons for her decision was the type of special flour that was first used to make the meat out of the crab, which Defraia redesigned by consulting with elders and farmers. .
“Our ancestors developed maiorca flour to be soft, simple and suitable for making cakes and pastries,” he explains.
“This was the first type of flour used to make cannolo, which was first filled with ricotta mixed with honey.”
Today, an ancient stone mill is used to make maiorca flour in Caltanissetta.
Defraia praises the “collective” of nuns and nuns for creating and celebrating a delicious delicacy, using the rich cuisine from the Sicilian town of those centuries. hala.
The nuns are thought to have improved the original Arab cuisine by adding a solid ricotta to the flour, which was sold around the island of Italy in the 1800s.
However, some stories show that it was the nuns who dreamed of pastry in the first place. In any case, cannolo is one of Sicily’s favorite and most popular pastries today.
Defraia makes her own cannolo with a combination of goat and lamb ricotta, which she says is tastier and easier to digest, with the addition of vanilla, the Slices of pumpkin, chocolate and pistachio.
He was very proud to have done the previous powers up to 180 kilograms, and hoped to win his own story one day.
Therefore, cannolo remains timeless, amazingly crafted, with the right combination of sanctity and potency.
“Cannolo stands at the height of our‘ Sicilianness, ’a melting pot of different cultures and beliefs,” he said.
“Our Easter Sunday party.”