(GENEVA, Switzerland) – The UN health agency says nearly everyone in the world breathes air that does not meet its standards for air quality, calling for more action to reduce in the use of fossil-fuel. . problems and lead to millions of preventable deaths each year.
The World Health Organization, about six months after finalizing its guidelines on air quality, on Monday released a new article in its database on air quality. the air that draws information from growing cities, towns, and villages around the world – now 6,000. cities.
The WHO states that 99% of the world’s population breathes air above its normal air limits and is often filled with particles that can penetrate deep into the lungs, enter of veins and roots, and provokes disease. Air quality is better in the Middle East of the WHO and South Asia, followed by Africa, he said.
“After living with a terminal illness, it is unavoidable that there will be 7 million preventable and unavoidable deaths in years of good health due to air pollution. “said Dr. Maria Neira, head of WHO’s environmental office, climate change and health. “But there are a lot of investments that are put into a polluted environment rather than clean and healthy air.”
The data, which generally considered two types of compounds called PM2.5 and PM10, for the first time included ground measurements of nitrogen dioxide. The final version of the archive will be released in 2018.
Nitrogen dioxide is common from human burning fuel, such as a car, and is common in cities. The report can bring on respiratory illness such as asthma and symptoms such as wheezing, wheezing and difficulty breathing, and more hospitalization and rooms. hospitality, according to WHO. It has the highest education in the Middle East.
There are many sources of particulate matter, such as transportation, power plants, agriculture, incineration and industry – and from natural sources such as desert soil. The developing world has had a hard time: India has had high levels of PM10, while China has reported high levels of PM2.5, the database shows.
“The particles, more than PM2.5, can penetrate deep into the lungs and enter the bloodstream, causing cardiovascular, cerebrovascular (stroke) and respiratory outcomes,” says WHO . “There’s evidence coming out that particulate matter affects other bodies and also causes other diseases.”
The findings show how many changes are needed to combat air pollution, said Anumita Roychowdhury, an air pollution specialist at the Center for Science and Environment, a research and advocacy group in New Delhi.
India and the world need to be prepared for major changes to try to prevent air pollution, including the use of electric vehicles, the removal of fossil fuels, allowing for a significant increase in air pollution. green energy and waste segregation, he said.
The Council on Energy, Environment and Water, a New Delhi -based think tank, found in a study that more than 60% of India’s PM2.5 emissions come from households and industries.
Tanushree Ganguly, head of the conference’s program for better air quality, called for action to reduce emissions from industries, vehicles, biomass fires, and domestic energy.
“We need to first work to get clean energy for the homes that need it most, and work hard to clean up our business,” he said.
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